12th Air Force, 57th Bombardment Wing 

321st Bombardment Group 

History: November 1943 

 

The following is a compilation of the 321st Bomb Group’s individual Squadron War 
Diaries. They have been transcribed word for word, from the Squadron Histories 
provided by the Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA), Maxwell Air Force 
Base Alabama. At the end of each Squadron’s daily entry, the individuals cited in the 
entry are identified by full name, rank and duty, in alphabetical order. The day’s entry 
begins with the Tactical Operations Statement, from the United States Army Air Forces 
(USAAF) Chronology, for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO). 

 

 

A/C: Aircraft 

NATOUSA: North Atlantic Theater of 
Operations USA 

A/D: Aerodrome 

NC: Nurse Corps. 

A/F: Air Field 

NCO: Non-Commissioned Officer 

AA or AAA: Anti-Aircraft (Artillery) 

OD: Officer of the day/Olive Drab 

abs: absent 

OLC: Oak Leaf Cluster 

ALO: Allied Liaison Officer 

PAX: Passengers 

Assg: Assigned 

PBS: 447th 2 June? 

Azon: Azimuth only (guided bomb) 

PDI: Pilot Direction Indicator 

B.R.L.: Ballistic Research Laboratory 

POE: Point of Embarkation 

BC: Bomber Command 

PX: Post Exchange 

BSM: 448th 8-15 Sep 

QM: Quarter Master 

CA: Heavy Cruiser 

R/B: Road Bridge 

CAVU: Ceiling and Visibility Unlimited 

R/J: Road Junction 

CO: Commanding Officer 

R/Y: Railroad Yards 

CP: Command Post 

Repl: Replacement 

CQ: Charge of Quarters 

RON: Remain OverNight 

CWS: Chemical Warfare Service 

RR/B: Railroad Bridge 

D/H: Direct Hit 

RR/J: Railroad Junction 

Demo: Demolition 

RR: Railroad 

DS: Detached Service 

S/E: Single Engine (plane) 

E/A: Enemy Aircraft 

SAP: Semi-Armor Piercing 

E/F: Enemy Fighter 

SD: Special Duty 

E/M: Enlisted Men 

sk: sick 

EFM: 447th 16 Sep? 

SO: Special Order 

F/L: Formation Leader - Flight Leader 

SOI: Standard Operating Instructions? 

FO or F/O: Flying Officer 

Sq: Squadron 

Frag: Fragmentation 

Sqdn: Squadron 

GLO: Ground Liaison Officer (UK) 

SWA: Seriously Wounded in Action 

GO: General Order 

T/C: Troop Concentration 

GP: General Purpose/Gun Position 

T/E: Twin Engine (plane) 

I & E: Information & Education 

TAC: Theater Allied Command 




IP: Initial Point 

TBF: Tactical Bomber Force 

L/G: Landing Ground 

TD: Temporary Duty 

L/S: Landing Strip 

TO: Technical Order 

L/V: Large Vehicle 

TOT: Time Over Target/Time On Target 

LOT: 447th 2 May? 

Trfd: Transferred 

LST: Landing Ship Tank 

u/i: 448th 26 Sep? 

Ltr: Letter 

VOCO: Verbal Order of the Commanding 
Officer 

LWA: Lightly Wounded in Action 

XC: Cross Country 

M/T: Motor Transport (Truck) 

 

M/V: Military Vessel 

 

M/Y: Marshalling Yards 

 

MC: Maintenance Crew 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

For my dad, 

Colonel John Fitzgerald, USA retired 

 

“Lil Butch” 

John T. Fitzgerald, SMSgt, USAF (ret) 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 


Monday, 1 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): The 
Fifteenth Air Force is activated, with HQ at Tunis, Tunisia and Lieutenant General James 
H. Doolittle as Commanding General. The following Twelfth Air Force units are 
transferred to the new Fifteenth Air Force: B-25 Units (Groups transferred to Twelfth 
Air Force on 3 Nov 43): 

 - 47th Bombardment Wing (Medium) at Hammamet, Tunisia 

 - 310th Bombardment Group (Medium) [379th, 380th, 381st and 428th 

 Bombardment Squadrons (Medium)] at Menzel Temime, Tunisia 

 - 321st Bombardment Group (Medium) [445th, 446th, 447th and 448th

 Bombardment Squadrons (Medium)] at Grottaglia, Italy 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): With the activation of the 
Fifteenth AF on this date, the units of the XII Bomber Command transfer to the new air 
force. Northwest African Tactical Bomber Force (NATBF) aircraft bomb shipping in 
harbors of Ancona, Italy and Split, Yugoslavia, hit a tunnel mouth near Antrodoco, Italy, 
and attack scattered gun positions and motor transport on both the US Fifth and British 
Eighth Army fronts. The XII Air Support Command hits numerous bridges and junctions 
and the town of Pontecorvo, Italy. The Royal Air Force (RAF) Desert Air Force (DAF) 
hits inland roads and vehicles in advance of the battleline, shipping at Split, Yugoslavia 
and the town of Carpinone, Italy. During Nov, the 15th Photographic Squadron (Heavy), 
3rd Photographic Reconnaissance and Mapping Group, transfers from La Marsa, Tunisia 
to Grottaglia, Italy with B-17, B-25 and F-5. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Two more of the enlisted men left for the long trip back to the 
United States. Many of the men looked longingly at them as they left and undoubtedly 
there was quite a bit of wishful thinking going on. Some of the men who attended the 
Glenn Miller picture “Orchestra Wives” in the evening got more than just the movie for 
their entertainment. In between the second and third reels, a gasoline can was ignited and 
caught fire. A number of our men were near the fire and made a rapid exit. No one was 
injured and the show went on. 

 

446th BS War Diary: T/Sgt. Jack Chappell, S/Sgt. Urie P. Zook, Lt. Thomas E. Dains, 
Lt. Sterling Davis, Lt. Wallace Williams, Lt. Richard P. Morris, T/Sgt. W.H. Haley, 
S/Sgt. Billy Dykes, S/Sgt. Joe B. DeWitt, S/Sgt. L.M. Mitchell, and S/Sgt. Walter E. 
Porter were today transferred to the Port of Debarkation, USA. Some of the men were 
getting short on their cigarettes and a ration this evening lifted their spirits. 

Chappell, Jack F., T/Sgt, gunner Dains, Thomas E., 2Lt., pilot 

Davis, Sterling, 2Lt, navigator DeWitt, Joe B., S/Sgt, gunner 

Dykes, Billy, S/Sgt, gunner Haley, Woodrow H., T/Sgt, gunner 

Mitchell, Lance M., S/Sgt, gunner Morris, Richard P., Jr., 2Lt, pilot 

Porter, Walter E., S/Sgt, gunner Williams, Wallace, 2Lt, pilot 

Zook, Urie P., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

 


Monday, 1 November 1943 (continued) 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 120 

TARGET: Rimini, Italy DATE: 1 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb. 446th Planes: 11 

Capt. Culp, 448th Sqdn, led the formation. The results were not observed due to cloud 
cover immediately after dropping the bombs. Four planes led by Major Schwane 
dropped their bombs on the MY at Ancona. Bombs started at the end of the yards and 
crossed in a southeasterly direction to buildings on the S side. Several fires and one 
explosion were observed. Captain Chappell returned early because of an oil leak. 

Chappell, Howard L., Capt, pilot Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot, 448th BS 

Schwane, Henry H., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

447th BS War Diary: 2 of our planes participated in a raid on Ancona Marshalling 
Yards, Italy, Results good. 2 of our planes flew 5 officers and 11 enlisted men to Tunis. 
This was the start of their journey back to the states. Lt. Olson and Lt. Fallone flew the 
men to Tunis and returned the same day. Notice on Bulletin Board today: From 
Ridenour through Group Material Officer “Pending further instructions this command 
complete issue of cotton clothing will be retained by all personnel in addition to the 
woolen clothing issued or being issued.” 

Fallone, Henry J., 1Lt, pilot Olson, Robert C., 1Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 113 (148): At 09:50 33 planes off to bomb Rimini M/Y 
(Italy), 1 returned and 28 dropped 167 x 500 bombs at 12:00 from 10,000 feet and four 
dropped 22 x 500 bombs on Ancona M/Y from 8000 feet at 12:16. 32 returned at 13:45. 
Clouds drifted over target just as bombs were released and few observations were made 
although the coverage was believed to be excellent. Hits on shed on SW end of yard and 
one large fire. Four planes at Ancona scored hits with good results with bombs through 
widest portion of yards and several fires and one explosion seen. Light, moderate and 
inaccurate flak. Weather: 6/10th cover at 6000 feet. F/L: Culp. 

Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot 

 


Tuesday, 2 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): B-17's 
and B-24's bomb the aircraft factory and surrounding industrial complex at Wiener-
Neustadt, Austria; the bombers claim 50+ attacking fighters destroyed. In Italy, B-25's 
bomb the Ancona marshalling yard; B-26's bomb the harbor at Civitavecchia and miss a 
railroad bridge near Amelia; P-38's escort the heavy bombers and the B-26's. The 379th 
Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 310th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at 
Menzel Temime, Tunisia begins operating from Ed Adem, Libya with B-25's. 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, NATBF light and 
medium bombers hit gun positions and an ammunition dump on the British Eighth Army 
front, railroad facilities at Aquila, and the coast road at Terracina; at night, light bombers 
hit Penna Point and Zara, Yugoslavia; XII Air Support Command and RAF DAF fighters 
and fighter-bombers attack gun positions and ammunition dumps along the British Eighth 
Army front, hit gun positions S of Isernia, bomb Fondi, and attack several bridges and 
junctions in advance of the US Fifth Army front; numerous trucks and a train also are 
strafed. HQ 12th Bombardment Group (Medium) and its 434th Bombardment Squadron 

(Medium) transfer from Gerbini, Sicily to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Several more of the men who had finished 50 missions left today. 
There was a short red alert in the evening but nothing came of it. It is terrifically damp 
tonight and many of the men took refuge in the enlisted men’s club where there is a large, 
warm and inviting fireplace. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Pfc. DeMeo finished a hot water shower for members of the 
organization, and while not a work of art, it does work well. A mail call brought a few 
Christmas packages. Seems early for that. 

DeMeo, Michael B., PFC, engineering 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 121 

TARGET: Ancona MY, Italy (alternate) DATE: 2 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb. 446th Planes: 9 

Lt. Beeson, 447th Sqdn, led the formation. The primary target, Fano, Italy was covered 
with cloud. Alternate bombed through hole in 9/10 coverage. Target spotted by flak 
bursts. Strings of bombs began at W choke point continuing through yards to passenger 
station. Hits also made in SE section of yards. Some bombs fell in water and some in 
town. A few bursts of flak from Fano. 

Beeson, Ellwood H., 1Lt, pilot, 447th BS 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 of our planes were scheduled to participate on a raid on 
ANCONA Marshalling yard, Italy. Lt. Olson was forced to return early because he lost 
the escape hatch on the take-off and because of a defective anti-icer pump. No enemy 
fighters seen. Little flak observed. Results: Fair. Capt. Seel returned from Cairo and 
brought a goodly supply of candy and cigarettes. As a result, today we’ve had one of the 
best PX rations since we’ve been overseas, each man getting 18 bars of candy and a 


Tuesday, 2 November 1943 (continued) 

 

carton of his favorite brand of cigarettes. Cpl. Simms, Mail Orderly, returned from 
Soliman. Pvt. R.J. Smith transferred to 24 Gen. Hospital, APO 763. 

Olson, Robert C., 1Lt, pilot Seel, Peter B., Jr., Capt, pilot 

Simms, Cpl, mail orderly Smith, Robert J., Pvt, turret gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 114 (149): At 07:45 36 planes off to bomb RR bridge 
at Fano, 24 dropped their bombs 130 x 500 at 09:45 from 10,000 feet on alter target of 
Ancona. 12 did not drop bombs. All returned at 11:20. Primary target 10/10th cover and 
alternate target spotted through hole in clouds and by flak bursts through clouds. Strings 
of bombs started at W choke point continuing through yards to passenger station. Slight, 
heavy, accurate flak. Weather: 7/10th at target. 

 

 

 


Wednesday, 3 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Fifteenth Air Force): The 2 B-
25 groups [310th and 321st Bombardment Group (Medium)] of the Fifteenth Air Force are 
transferred back to the Twelfth Air Force. 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): Fifteenth Air Force P-38's 
escort B-25's on a raid against Araxos Airfield, Greece. The target is well covered and 
several parked airplanes are destroyed. In Italy, the NATBF hits a dump at Cupello, the 
railway station at Cesano, a road junction at Alfedena, the town areas of Ceprano and 
Palmoli, and numerous vehicles; XII Air Support Command and RAF DAF fighters and 
fighter-bombers attack gun positions at Cupello, landing grounds near Pescara and 
Ancona, the airfield at Cisterna di Latina, the Ceccano railroad yards, the town of 
Pozzilli, roads in the Venafro-Cassino area, and several bridges and junctions. Many of 
the day's missions are flown in direct support of the British Eighth Army's advance. The 
82nd Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), transfers 
from Gerbini, Sicily to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Combat crews who were briefing last night took off on an early 
mission to bomb the “hot” target, Athens-Eleusis airdrome. Our Squadron lost 1 plane 
over the target. The plane, piloted by Lt. Gail G. Miller, was hit in the tail by flak which 
sheared the vertical stabilizer. Some more of the “50 mission men” left for the United 
States. It is not nearly as cold or damp tonight as it usually is. 

Miller, Gail G., 2Lt, pilot 

 

446th BS War Diary: S/Sgts. McNair, J.A. Smith, and Higgins finished their fifty today. 
“This is the Army” was shown at Group in the evening and all who attended enjoyed it. 

Higgins, Thomas T., S/Sgt, radio-gunner McNair, Luddie L., S/Sgt, gunner 

Smith, James A., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 122 

TARGET: Araxos A/D, Greece. DATE: 3 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: Frags. 446th Planes: 11 

Lt. Haegele, 445th Sqdn, led the formation which bombed with good results, most of the 
bombs falling in the target, only a few short or over. NW dispersal well covered and 
strings of bombs across N/S and E/W runways, through aircraft on NE and SE part of 
field and N end of runway. Three large fires and clouds of smoke were seen on E side of 
field tow fires in NE corner, and 1 E/A seen to explode. Over primary target, Eleusis, 1 
B-25 was hit by flak and was seen to hit the ground in flames. 8/10 E/A attacked rear of 
formation after leaving Athens with two ME 109s damaged or probably destroyed. 

Haegele, Frederick G., 2Lt, pilot 

 

447th BS War Diary: The crews were briefed at 1800 the night before for a 0600 take-
off. 12 of our planes were scheduled to participate in the raid. All planes took off as per 
schedule but one plane, piloted by Lt. Fallone, returned early. This was due to the 
absence of T/Sgt. Robert O’Mara, radio-gunner. Sgt. O’Mara had failed to awaken from 




Wednesday, 3 November 1943 (continued) 

 

his deep slumber at such an early hour. Reason for this is still unknown. When the 
planes arrived at the target, ELEUSIS Airdrome, Greece, the field was closed due to 
weather. The planes then went on to a second target—ARAXOS Airdrome, Greece. 
This target was well covered. No flak. The mission today was number 150 for the 
Group. S/Sgt. F.F. Tracy and S/Sgt R.C. Hoskins completed their tour of mission today. 
T/Sgt Goldstein, T/Sgt. Orfila, S/Sgt. Eckenrode and Pvt. Haley returned from D.S. 
(Tobruk) to duty here. General order 43, 12th Air Support Command, Nov. 3, 1943 
effected the assignment of our squadron to the 57th Bomb Wing. 

Eckenrode, Garnet M., S/Sgt, armament Fallone, Henry J., 1Lt, pilot 

Goldstein, Bernard, T/Sgt, engineering Haley, Francis R., Jr., Cpl, armament 

Hoskins, Raymond C., S/Sgt, communication O’Mara, Robert M., T/Sgt, gunner 

Orfila, Frank T., T/Sgt, engineering Tracy, Boyd F., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 118 (150): At 06:00 48 planes off to bomb dispersal at 
Athens/Eleusis, two returned early and 45 bombed with 3120 frags at 08:45 alternate 
target of Araxes from 10,000 feet. One plane lost. Primary target covered by clouds and 
alternate bombed with good results, most bombs in target area, NW dispersal area well 
covered and strings across NS and EW runways. Three large fires and one E/A seen to 
explode on ground. Intense accurate, heavy flak from Eleusis, one B-25 hit. 4 E/A 
followed formation but did not attack before Athens. 8-10 E/A attacked rear of flight on 
leaving Athens and came in from above and below and kept away from waist guns. 
Weather: 9/10th over Athens. F/L: Culp. 

Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot 

 

447th BS Special Accounts: An early morning mission was scheduled for November 3, 
1943—so early that the crews were briefed the night of November 2 for it. The target 
was to be Eleusis Airdrome near Athens, Greece. Eleven of the squadron planes got off 
at six in the morning but the primary target was covered with clouds and the alternate—
Araxos Airdrome in Greece was bombed. 

 

 The mission was definitely out of the milk-run class. Just outside the Athens area 
eight or nine ME 109 fighters attacked the formation in a hit-and-run manner. The 
fighters came up from below and took full advantage of nearby clouds as cover for their 
attack. Two fighters attacked Lt. Beeson’s ship. They succeeded in hitting the canopy of 
the upper turret and the gunner, S/Sgt. Anagar Clausen was wounded in the face by 
fragments of plexiglass. S/Sgt. Harold H. Dexter, also on Lt. Beeson’s crew, fired on a 
ME 109 which attacked from 7 o’clock at the same level, closing to 150 yds. The fighter 
went into a flat spin, smoking, and fell into the clouds. S/Sgt. J.F. Tracy of another plane 
fired at the same fighter and saw it fall out of control into the clouds. It was probably 
destroyed. 

Beeson, Ellwood H., 1Lt, pilot Clausen, Anagar E., S/Sgt, gunner 

Dexter, Harold H., S/Sgt, gunner Tracy, Boyd F., T/Sgt, gunner 

 


Wednesday, 3 November 1943 (continued) 

 

 Another probable was scored by S/Sgt. William R. Henry. Four ME 109 fighters 
attacked the formation—the first two together and the second two singly. S/Sgt. Henry 
fired on one of the single fighters and saw it start smoking and go down into the clouds—
apparently out of control. Sgt. Harry B. Harmer damaged still another of the fighters. 
Three ME 109 fighters came in and he saw his tracers going into the belly of one of them. 

Harmer, Harry B., Sgt, armor-gunner Henry, William R., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

 The squadron planes suffered only slight damage as a result of these encounters, 
proving again the effectiveness with which our gunners stave off enemy fighters. 

 

 This mission was the fiftieth assignment for S/Sgt. B.F. Tracy and S/Sgt. R.C. 
Hoskins. These two men have flown all their missions together and finished fifty in a 
shorter time than any other combat men up to this time. They were the first of the 
replacements assigned to the squadron in June, 1943 to finish fifty missions. On their 
fiftieth mission they had quite a scare when the order came to prepare to bail out. The 
plane was over the target and was out of control due to some difficulty with the control 
cables. The pilot soon brought the plane under control again, however, and signal to 
jump never came. 

Hoskins, Raymond C., S/Sgt, communication Tracy, Boyd F., T/Sgt, gunner 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Thursday, 4 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): Brigadier General Donald 
A Davison takes command of the XII Air Force Engineer Command (Provisional), 
following the command's assignment to the Twelfth Air Force on 1 Nov. In Italy, XII 
Air Support Command and RAF fighters and fighter-bombers hit trucks and trains in the 
Sora-Avezzano area, the airfields of Furbara and Tarquinia, and small vessels off 
Pescara, Italy and Solta, Yugoslavia. The 522nd and 524th Fighter-Bomber Squadrons, 
27th Fighter-Bomber Group, transfer from Capaccio to Paestum and Guado Airfield, Italy 
respectively with A-36's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Many of the men are now purchasing Christmas gifts for “the 
family and that girl”. Many Italian Christmas cards are being sent home and the men are 
scouring the surrounding towns to purchase gifts and souvenirs. 

 

446th BS War Diary: A very good mail call today with a lot of packages. Those on the 
receiving end are feeling better, those who are not are going visiting this evening. V-mail 
blanks were passed out in the chow line at noon. Many of the boys were completely out. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 PLANE MISSION SCHEDULED BUT CANCELLED. 
General Order 84, 12th A.F. Hq, Nov. 4, 1943 effected the transfer of our squadron from 
the 15th Air Force to the 12th Air Support Command. This means that in the future our 
activities will consist of tactical bombing which we have not done up to date. We have 
been doing strategic bombing up to this change. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Friday, 5 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): XII Air Support 
Command B-25's, escorted by Fifteenth Air Force P-38's, hit the Berat-Kucove Airfield 
in Albania. In Italy, the NATBF bombs roads E of Atina and N of Rome, and hits 
vehicles moving S from Pescara; XII Air Support Command and RAF DAF fighters and 
fighter-bombers attack motor transport N of Vasto, bridges and roads W of Isernia, 
Cassino, and Atena Lucana, the town of Castrocielo, and vessels off Split, Yugoslavia. 
HQ 17th Bombardment Group (Medium) transfers from Djedeida, Tunisia to Sardinia. 
HQ 350th Fighter Group transfers from Rerhaiak Algeria to Sardinia. The 81st and 83rd 
Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), transfer from 
Gerbini, Sicily to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. The 415th Night Fighter Squadron, XII Air 
Support Command, transfers from Cassibile to Cantania, Sicily with Beaufighters. The 
523rd Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 27th Fighter-Bomber Group, transfers from Capaccio to 
Gaudo Airfield, Italy with A-36's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The Officers had the enlisted men have quite a friendly feud 
brewing over their respective abilities in touch football. Each team has won one game 
and both are eagerly looking forward to the third and “rubber” game of the series. The 
soggy condition of the area, however, has prevented them from playing this deciding 
game. 

 

446th BS War Diary: More rations of cigarettes and matches today. A show at 
Headquarters this evening. Our Enlisted Men’s Club which was started at Soliman was 
officially dissolved today with $8.00 being paid back to the members who paid the $3.00 
fee upon its organization. Captain Bradley, S/Sgt. Gherts, and S/Sgt. Didiwick finished 
fifty missions today. The men who have finished fifty missions had their photos taken 
singly and with their crews. 

Bradley, James L., Jr., Capt, pilot Didiwick, Claudius T., Sgt, gunner 

Gherts, Walter F., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 123 

TARGET: Berat/Kucove A/D, Albania DATE: 5 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: Frags. 446th Planes: 12 

MAJOR SCHWANE led the formation to Athens/Eleusis, but cloud cover prevented 
bombing. Alternate well covered with strings of bombs across runways and around 
perimeter of A/D. Hits among dispersed a/c and explosions in SE corner and SW side of 
field. Five fires seen, one flak battery hit. Flak was heavy, intense and accurate, 12 a/c 
hit but all returned. 6 ME 109’s and 3 FW 190’s attacked, but no damage. 

Schwane, Henry H., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

447th BS War Diary: 11 of our planes participated in a raid over BERAT A/D, Albania. 
This was a second target, the primary target, ELEUSIS A/D being closed due to weather. 
Target was well-covered. Flak was heavy, intense and accurate. 6 ME-109’s and 3 FW 
190’s were encountered. None of our planes lost and no e/a shot down. Notice of 
Special Interest on bulletin board today: “Effective today all ground personnel will be 


Friday, 5 November 1943 (continued) 

 

granted 3-day passes. A maximum of ten percent of personnel from any one section may 
obtain passes at any one time.” This is the first that such passes were granted since we 
came overseas. 2nd Lts E.B. Becker, DeMay, Stephenson, Paiton, Sattenspiel, returned 
from rest camp. Sgt. Harry Wanner returned from Hospital, as did Sgt. Paul Baringer. 
Lt. S.P. Neprash (D.S.) Tobruk, returned to duty. T/Sgt. Zulwach transferred to 446th 
squadron. 

Baringer, Paul S., Sgt, engineer-gunner Becker, Edward B. "Jalone", 2Lt, bombardier 

DeMay, Kenneth C., 2Lt, pilot Neprash, Sergius P. 2Lt, intelligence 

Paiton, Harold K., 2Lt, navigator Sattenspiel, Stanly J., 2Lt, bombardier 

Stephenson, Henry W. "Steve", 2Lt, pilot Wanner, Harry, Sgt, armament 

Zulwach, John F., T/Sgt, 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 116 (151): At 08:05 47 planes off to bomb Athens 
Eleusis A/D. 42 dropped 3012 frags at 09:15 from 10,500 feet on alternate target of 
Berat/Kucove A/D. All returned at 09:55 cloud cover prevented reaching primary target. 
Berat well covered around entire perimeter of A/D and on taxi strips. Hits among 
dispersed A/C with explosions in SE corner and SW side of field, 5 fires seen. One flak 
battery hit and 1 E/A probably destroyed by escort. 6 ME-109’s and 3 silver FW-190’s 
seen, attacks made from above and below from 3 and 6 o’clock. Intense, heavy, very 
accurate flak, 12 A/C hit. Weather: 5/10th at the target. F/L: Culp. 

Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot 

 


Saturday, 6 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, XII Air Support 
Command fighter-bombers strike gun positions, bridges, and roads around Mignano, 
vehicles N of Cassino, and a train N of Aquino airfield. Other Northwest African Tactical 
Air Force (NATAF) fighters attack numerous road and rail transport targets through-out 
Italy N of the battleline and in Yugoslavia. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The men enjoyed a delicious breakfast this morning consisting of 
cream of wheat and French toast. Some of our chowhounds reported that this was the 
first time the Squadron was served French toast in Italy. A hard rain that started late in 
the morning washed out the mission. Continual showers in the afternoon kept the area in 
a sloppy condition. There was a mail call this afternoon. 

 

446th BS War Diary: A rainy day and a scheduled mission was cancelled. A mail call 
brought some more packages and made many of the fellows forget the rain. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Raining. Mission Cancelled. Squadron strength week ending 
Nov. 6th: Officers----66, E/M----269. A B-25 crew, 340th squadron, bailed out over this 
field to-night due to heavy rain and failure to make connection with the tower or attract 
attention so that runway lights might be turned on. Pilot found his way to this area where 
transportation was provided for him in order to return to his squadron. Six officers (G 
pilots and co-pilots) and three enlisted men (G crew members) were transferred to the 
310th today on S.O. 188, 321st Gp. Hq. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 


Sunday, 7 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): NATBF bombers hit gun 
position along the British Eighth and US Fifth Army fronts, shipping at Ancona, Italy 
harbor, and the town of Ulcinj, Yugoslavia; Durazzo, Albania is bombed at night. XII Air 
Support Command and other fighters of the NATAF hit the harbor and shipping at Split 
and a train near Metkovic, Yugoslavia, and attack bridges, road junctions, town area, and 
trucks in the Mignano-Cassino and Pontecorvo, Italy areas. The 10th Troop Carrier 
Squadron, 60th Troop Carrier Group, transfer from Gela to Gerbini, Sicily with C-47's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The continued bad weather and muddy ground prevents air 
operations again today. The area is very muddy again today. Just as it begins to dry out, 
another rain comes and it is back in its old soggy shape again. The men are beginning to 
tire of this weather and yearn for the old dry, sunshiny days of Africa again. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Another rainy day and no mission. Capt. Griffith, Capt. Backer, 
and Lt. Axson returned from a trip to Tunis and Oran where they have spent the last 
seven days. 

Axson, Ralph L., Jr., 2Lt, pilot Backer, Max B., Capt, medical officer 

Griffith, Frank J., Capt, pilot 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Raining. Mission Cancelled. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 


Monday, 8 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): Weather cancels all XII 
Air Support Command missions except fighter patrols. In Italy, NATBF bombers and 
RAF DAF fighters fly only 6 missions, hitting gun positions along the battleline, vehicles 
W of the Sangro River, and trains at Civitanova and Pescara. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The men enjoyed a fine breakfast of pancakes this morning. Two 
new crews arrived today from the 310th Group. The men on the line welcomed the return 
of “Patricia” and old B-25 which was transferred to the 310th in early September. 

 

446th BS War Diary: We received two new crews from the 310th Bomb Group who 
were assigned. Some rain in the morning caused the cancellation of a mission. Capt. 
Griffith, Lt. Axson, T/Sgt. Foley, and S/Sgts. Brei, Ludwig, Mercuri, Miles, Sawyer, and 
Haresign were transferred to Port of Debarkation, USA. 

Axson, Ralph L., Jr., 2Lt, pilot Brei, Harold G., S/Sgt, gunner 

Foley, Gerald M., T/Sgt, gunner Griffith, Frank J., Capt, pilot 

Haresign, James M., S/Sgt, gunner Ludwig, Michael E., S/Sgt, gunner 

Mercuri, Ralph W., S/Sgt, gunner Miles, Thomas P., S/Sgt, gunner 

Sawyer, George D., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Still Raining—Mission cancelled. 2 officers with 50 missions, 
Capt. Seel and Lt. Fineman, left for the states. 4 enlisted men with 50 missions, S/Sgt. 
J.L. McCown, S/Sgt. M.J. Holliman, S/Sgt. Joseph Perpich, and Sgt. Lars Christianson, 
left for the states. Lt. Beeson is the new operations officer. Enlisted men’s’ morale hit a 
new low today when a notice appeared on the bulletin board that the number of guards 
would be doubled. This means that a man will get a 6 or a 12 hour shift of guard once 
every five days. This is the first that we’ve had day light area guards since we’ve been 
overseas. 

Beeson, Ellwood H., 1Lt, pilot, Christianson, Lars, Sr., Sgt, photographer 

Fineman, Ernest, 2Lt, pilot Holliman, Marion P., S/Sgt, bombardier 

McCown, J. Logan, S/Sgt, gunner Perpich, Joseph G., S/Sgt, gunner 

Seel, Peter B., Jr., Capt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Tuesday, 9 November 1943 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, the NATBF 
bombs Formia and Itri as a diversion to the naval bombardment of Formia and Gaeta. XlI 
Air Support Command fighter-bombers attack roads and bridges in the Mignano-Ceprano 
area while other NATAF fighter-bombers hit shipping in the harbor at Split, Yugoslavia 
and rail targets in the Rome-La Spezia area and vessels, radio stations, and gun 
emplacements off the coast of Albania. The 12th Troop Carrier Squadron, 60th Troop 
Carrier Group, transfers from Gela to Gerbini, Sicily with C-47's. The squadron has been 
operating from Comiso since 22 Oct. The 379th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 
310th Bombardment Group (Medium), transfers from Menzel Temime, Tunisia to 
Philippeville, Algeria with B-25's. The squadron is operating from El Adem, Libya. 

 

445th BS War Diary: More of the enlisted men who have completed 50 missions left the 
Squadron today for the trip back to the United States. Another crew from the 310th 
arrived today and our B-25G crews were in turn transferred to the 310th. The weather is 
cool and clear today – very pleasant. There was a short alert in the afternoon but there 
was no bombing. The men enjoyed eggplant for supper, an unusual dish for us. 

 

446th BS War Diary: It was nine months yesterday since the Squadron Ground Echelon 
left the USA. News came out today that the Group has been transferred to the 57th Wing 
of the XII Air Support Command. It was cold last night and a wind today is drying up a 
lot of the previous rain. S/Sgt. Ramsburg was reported missing in action in the 
Dodecanese Islands. Eight Officers and eleven Enlisted Men of the B-25Gs transferred 
to the 310th Bomb Group. 

Ramsburg, Edwin E., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: No Mission---Today a General Order, Hq. 15th Air Force, dated 
Nov. 3 came through awarding the Silver Star to S/Sgt. Aage E. Jensen for gallantry in 
action during a raid July 5. Excerpts form the Order: “…although unprotected from the 
terrific slipstream and suffering from severe injuries, this non-commissioned officer 
insisted in remaining at his post. ----His unselfish devotion to duty and personal 
resourcefulness has upheld the highest traditions of the Army Air Force”. 5 officers and 
5 E/M were transferred here today from the 310th B.G. They are: Officers: 1st Lt. J.A. 
Hanlon, 2nd Lts. R.G. Werner, R.A. Knodle, Lloyd Anderson, and P.I. Blumenfeld. 
Enlisted Men: S/Sgts. W.P. Franklin, L.B. Iverson, Sgts. J.H. Kellner, J.C. Mays, and 
Pvt. F.R. Ludtke. S/Sgt. Valeri promoted to T/Sgt. 

Anderson, Lloyd G., 2Lt, pilot Blumenfeld, Philip I., 2Lt, bombardier 

Franklin, Willie P., S/Sgt, bombardier, gunner Hanlon, James A., Jr., 2Lt, pilot 

Iverson, Lewis B., S/Sgt, gunner Jensen, Aage E., S/Sgt, gunner 

Kellner, Joseph H., Sgt, gunner Knodle, Robert A., 2Lt, pilot 

Ludtke, Foster R., Sgt, gunner Mays, Jack C., S/Sgt, radio-gunner 

Valeri, Ramo J., T/Sgt, engineering Werner, Robert G., Jr., 2Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 


Wednesday, 10 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): NATBF bombers hit 
shipping at Split, Yugoslavia and Durazzo, Albania. In Italy, XII Air Support Command 
and RAF fighter-bombers hit Rocca and nearby gun positions, and trains and troops S of 
Rome; fighters strafe trucks and trains in the Rome-La Spezia and the Piombino-Leghorn 
areas. HQ 310th Bombardment Group (Medium) and its 380th Bombardment Squadron 
(Medium) transfer from Menzel Temime, Tunisia to Philippeville, Algeria with B-25's. A 
detachment of the 380th is operating from Oudna, Tunisia. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The cooks served some delicious French toast for breakfast. 
Rains in the morning forced a cancellation of the mission and kept up throughout the day 
to keep the area in a muddy condition. Three more crews from the 310th Group were 
assigned to the Squadron. Gunnery training classes for the gunners was held today. Lt. 
Craig has been appointed Gunnery Officer. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Rain again. Part of the men and equipment arrived from Africa 
today. The first few units arrived at the Base late in the afternoon. A list of promotions 
out today, 7 men to T/Sgt., 2 men to S/Sgt., and 5 men to Sgt. Major Schwane was 
promoted to Lt. Col. 

Schwane, Henry H., Lt Col, pilot, Commander 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission Cancelled. Most of the men left in Soliman, motor pool 
etc, arrived today. T/Sgt. Orlando found that publicity hound of Lt. Spikes, Brownie. 
Brownie was stolen when we first reached Italy. But today he was found in Grottaglia. 
Brownie has had his picture in the Charlotte Observer, the largest circulated paper of the 
two Carolinas. 

Orlando, Alfred V., T/Sgt, engineering Spikes, Robert F., 1Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 


Thursday, 11 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, US and RAF 
light bombers and fighter-bombers, in support of the US Fifth and British Eighth Armies, 
hit troop and gun concentrations and communications in the Rocca and Palena areas; 
other NATAF aircraft bomb the town of Rocca, Bussi sul Tirino explosive works near 
Popoli, and docks at Civitavecchia, and strafe strongpoints at Roccaraso and Atessa; 
fighters hit motor transport in the coastal area between the Sangro and Pescara Rivers. 
The 414th Night Fighter Squadron, 63rd Fighter Wing, transfers from Rerhaia, Algeria to 
Elmas, Sardinia with Beaufighters. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Today is Armistice Day but just another day here in the Squadron. 
There was more rain this morning. There is an unconfirmed rumor circulating around 
camp that this Group will move to a base near Foggia in about 2 weeks. The Squadron’s 
trucks, some equipment and a few men reached here this afternoon after spending 7 days 
on the sea coming from Africa. The trucks were warmly welcomed as they will help 
solve the acute transportation difficulties. More classes for gunners were held today. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Armistice Day in 1918, just another day in 1943. Five Officers 
and 5 Enlisted Men assigned from the 310th Bomb Group. Lt. John R. Brown transferred 
to Hq. XII Bomber Command. 

Brown, John R., 1Lt, bombardier 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission Cancelled. Squadron barber, a civilian, set up in the area 
today and seems to be doing a rushing business. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 


Friday, 12 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, NATBF light 
bombers hit guns, troops, and railway facilities near Palena, the town of Atina, and the 
road at Acquafondata. Medium bombers hit the Berat/Kucove airfield and an oil refinery 
in Albania after failing to locate targets near Athens, Greece. In Italy during the night of 
12/13 Nov, light bombers attack the Arezzo marshalling yard and Perugia airfield; 
fighter-bombers of the XII Air Support Command and RAF DAF continue to provide 
close support to the US Fifth and British Eighth Armies, blasting gun positions and motor 
transport, and also attacking targets (aircraft, guns, rail yards, bridge, and trains) around 
Bracciano Lake, Orbetello, Rieti, Sant' Elia Fiumerapido, Opuzen, Ancona, and Iesi. 

 

445th BS War Diary: It is cloudy today but not very cold. Sixteen bags of Christmas 
packages arrived today and the G.I. Christmas season is now officially open. 

 

446th BS War Diary: A big mail call today, about 15 bags of packages. Almost 
everybody got something out of it. A coordinated raid scheduled for Athens, but target 
was covered by cloud so alternate in Albania was hit. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 124 

TARGET: Berat, Albania (A/D and Oilfields) DATE: 12 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: Frags 446th Planes: 12 

Captain Culp, 448th Sqdn, led the formation to the primary target, Athens/Eleusis A/D 
which was covered with cloud, and then to the alternate which was bombed with good 
coverage. Stings fell down runway and parallel to it, along the NE side of field and on 
NW side close to the hangars, in S dispersal area and S taxi strip. Two explosions and a 
fire were observed near runway, and fires in N, NE, NW, and SW parts of field and in S 
dispersal area. Three explosions were seen in the oil fields and 6 or 8 fires. One B-25 
made a controlled landing on the water after leaving the target. Heavy intense accurate 
flak. 13 a/c hit. 5 unidentified S/E aircraft made a pass at the rear flight from below at 
5/6 o’clock on leaving, but were not aggressive. 

Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot, 448th BS 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 of our planes were scheduled to participate in a raid over 
BERAT A/D, Albania. 11 of our planes participated. One plane, piloted by Lt. Fraser, 
failed to take off due to the locking of a wheel brake. BERAT was a secondary target. 
ATHENS/ELEUSIS having been the primary one but was closed due to weather. Flak on 
this raid—Intense, Inaccurate. 

Fraser, Harry A., Jr, 2Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 117 (152): At 08:40 46 planes off to bomb 
Athens/Eleusis A/D, one returned early and 45 dropped 3180 frags at 09:47 from 9000 
feet on alternate target of Berat A/D and oil field. One plane lost both engines shot out 
by flak, others returned at 10:30. Towering cumulus clouds over target did not allow 
bombing of primary but alternate was excellently bombed. Several fires seen in dispersal 
area one large explosion near runway. 340 Group covered runway, 3 explosions seen on 


Friday, 12 November 1943 (continued) 

 

A/D and 6-8 fires. 5 E/A made pass at last flight but not aggressive. Intense, heavy, 
accurate flak, 13 A/C damaged. Weather: 10/10th at 13,000 feet. F/L: Culp. 

Culp, Merle H., Capt, pilot 

 

 

A/C No. unknown ditched at sea 

 

P 

Haskell, John D., 2Lt 

 

CP 

DeMuth, Robert D., 2Lt 

 

N 

Abbe, Richard A., 2Lt 

 

B 

Johnson, Robert E., 2Lt 

 

E 

Morris, Raymond A., Sgt 

Or Morris, Raymond J., Sgt 

R 

Hilton, Daniel H., Sgt 

 

G 

Schomaker, John W., S/Sgt 

 

F 

None 

 



 

 Ship lost was 448th plane, pilot Haskell, Co-Pilot, DeMuth, Bombardier, Johnson, 
Navigator, Abbe, Engineer, Morris, Radio Gunner, Hilton, Gunner, Schomaker. Made 
controlled landing at sea, five picked up by Air Sea Rescue (Italian Ampb) after 6 hours 
on life raft and taken to Brindisi. No injuries. Hilton landed by parachute close to shore 
and was picked up by peasants and after three days was rescued by Walrus. Injuries 
suffered due to strafing by ME-109’s on entering rescue plane. He was hit in right knee 
and left hand. Schomaker bailed out but chute failed to open (report of peasants in 
Yugoslavia). 

Abbe, Richard A., 2Lt, navigator DeMuth, Robert D., 2Lt, pilot 

Haskell, John D., 2Lt, pilot Hilton, Daniel H., Sgt, radio-gunner 

Johnson, Robert E., 2Lt, bombardier Schomaker, John W., Sgt, gunner 

Morris, Raymond A., Sgt, engineer-gunner or Morris, Raymond J., Sgt, engineer-gunner 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Saturday, 13 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, NATBF light 
bombers hit Palena and Atina and later bomb Civitavecchia harbor and a road W of 
Terracina; XII Air Support Command fighter-bombers, along with RAF DAF airplanes, 
bomb Giulianova harbor and shipping, roads leading to the battle zone, and landing 
grounds of Aquino, Frosinone, and Marcigliana; fighters hit train and trucks in the 
Pescara-Rieti area. 

 

445th BS War Diary: More mail arrived today with plenty of Christmas cards in 
evidence. Additional gunnery classes were held for the gunners today. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Rations today, 7 packs of cigarettes and some candy. The 
cigarettes were badly needed by some of the fellows. A mail call, but mostly letters and 
papers, very few packages. Five men were promoted to Corporal. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission cancelled. Squadron Strength—week ending 13th: 
Officers: 62; Enlisted Men: 260. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Sunday, 14 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): NATBF B-25's, escorted 
by Fifteenth Air Force P-38's, bomb the Sofia, Bulgaria marshalling yard; the P-38's 
claim 5 enemy aircraft destroyed. In Italy, XII Air Support Command operations are 
curtailed by weather, and only battle area patrols are flown; RAF DAF fighter-bombers 
hit trains on the E coast of Italy near Avezzano, along the Dalmatian coast SE of 
Metkovic, Yugoslavia, and at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia; fighters strafe the airfields at Furbara 
and Tarquinia, Italy. The 428th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 310th Bombardment 
Group (Medium), ceases operating from Oudna and returns to it's base at Menzel 
Temime, Tunisia with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: A German photo plane was overhead this morning just before our 
mission took off. Our Squadron participated in the historic raid on Sofia, the capital of 
Bulgaria, on this date. 

 

446th BS War Diary: On the mission today the formation was attacked by 45-50 enemy 
fighters and T/Sgt. Fontenot came out with one ME 109 to his credit. A few bombs were 
dropped on Taranto by the enemy and the guns around the Base took a few shots at the 
plane. In Grottaglia everybody got excited and ran for the shelters. 

Fontenot, V. L., T/Sgt, radio-gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 125 

TARGET: Sofia M/Y, Bulgaria. DATE: 14 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb (1 per plane delayed action) 446th Planes: 12 

Colonel Knapp, Group CO, led the formation and the yards were well covered with 
strings across the center of the yards, W and E choke points and E overpass. Hits were 
made on locomotive repair shops, main locomotive depot, car assembly shops and W and 
E sidings. Twelve explosions were observed, two of them at W end of yards and one at 
car assembly and locomotive repair shops with flames several hundred feet in the air. 
Bombers probably destroyed 1 ME 109 and damages one. Escort claimed one. 15/20 
E/A attacked after the bomb run from front, rear, and side. Moderately aggressive. Flak 
heavy from around the town. 

Knapp, Robert D., Col, pilot, 321st BG Commander 

 

447th BS War Diary: 15 planes this squadron, were scheduled and participated in a raid 
over SOFIA, capital of Bulgaria. Our planes led the formation. Mission Pilot—Maj. 
Sampson, co-pilot—Col. Knapp, Navigator—Lt. Paiton, Bombardier—Lt. Becker. This 
was the first raid ever carried out against Bulgaria by Allied bombers. Another first for 
the Group. Marshalling yards were attacked and results were good. On this mission 
delayed action bombs (1-24m) were dropped. 1 ship, Lt. Thomas, pilot, was unable to 
drop one bomb until he landed. Bomb dropped out of plane at end of runway. Lt. Col. 
Olmstead taxied plane away from live bomb. Ordnance then removed bomb. Lt. 
Williams completed his 50th combat mission. Flak on mission: heavy, accurate, and 
intense. Lt. Broyles received minor wounds from plexiglass. Photo Freddie—2 planes—
over field today about 1000. The ack-ack boys here got in some practice. A number of 


Sunday, 14 November 1943 (continued) 

 

ME 1-9’s attacked our formation. S/Sgt. William R. Mercer was credited with shooting 
down one, Sgt. H.J. Manning got another. 

Becker, Edward B. "Jalone", 1Lt, bombardier Broyles, Porter A., 1Lt, pilot 

Manning, Hillard J., Sgt, gunner Mercer, William R., S/Sgt, gunner 

Paiton, Harold K., 1Lt, navigator Sampson, Raymond D., Maj, pilot 

Thomas, David W., 1Lt, pilot Williams, William T., 1Lt, pilot 

Knapp, Robert D., Col, pilot, 321st BG Commander 

Olmstead, Charles T., Lt Col, pilot, 321st BG 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 118 (153): At 10:25 48 planes off to bomb 
Sofia/Bulgaria M/Y and dropped 240 x 500 and 46 x 500 delayed fused bombs from 
10,000 feet at 12:45, returning at 14:40. Yards were well covered with strings across 
center, 12 explosions seen, yards covered with smoke and it is believed smoke pots were 
used in effort to screen area. 4 E/A attacked but were not aggressive, one destroyed. 
Intense, heavy accurate flak from the city, many planes hit. Weather: 9/10th at 5000 feet. 
F/L: Bates. 

Bates, James P., Maj, pilot 

 


Monday, 15 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): XII Air Support 
Command B-25's bomb Kalamaki airfield in Greece, and its fighters patrol the battle 
area. Other NATAF fighters hit road traffic S of Ancona, Italy. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Preparations are now being made in our Squadron for a move in 
the near future to one of Foggia’s satellite bases. Thus the rumor that was circulating to 
this effect has just about come true. Our Squadron will participate in Tactical missions 
from this base. Two enemy photo planes appeared over the field here just before the 
mission today. It’s getting to be a habit as that is the second straight day that this has 
occurred. 

 

446th BS War Diary: While the planes were taking off on a mission this morning an 
enemy recon plane was spotted and the AA took a few shots at it. It was so high it 
couldn’t be seen with the naked eye. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 14 planes scheduled to participate in a raid over ATHENS. All 
planes returned early, failed to rendezvous with fighters. Photo Freddie back again today 
(1030). He should have gotten some good shots as all planes were lined up at end of 
runway ready for take-off. Telegram on Bulletin Board which was sent from Wing: TO: 
321 Bomb Gp, Nov 14……”Congratulations to you and all your aircrews for the 
excellent raid you carried out today. Please convey my thanks to all concerned.” 
Ridenour. 

Ridenour, C. H., Brig Gen, 47 Wing, Commander 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Tuesday, 16 November 1943 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): B-25's bomb the airfields 
at Sibenik, Yugoslavia and Eleusis, Greece; the latter mission is escorted by Fifteenth Air 
Force P-38's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Lt. Col. Cook, Squadron Commander, today completed his 50th 
combat mission. Day by day, our combat crew members are gradually completing their 
tour of combat duty (50 missions) and no replacements are in sight. All kinds of rumors 
are in progress. After supper, a number of the men watched the slaughtering of two cows 
in the area. Several combat crew members who are adept in the art of butchery did the 
honors. 

Cook, Bailey C., Lt Col, pilot, Commander 

 

446th BS War Diary: An extremely pleasant day. A mail call with quite a few packages 
and letters. Lts. Bettinger and Coe, and T/Sgt. Shields finished fifty. 

Bettinger, Howard P., 2Lt, pilot Coe, George A., 2Lt, bombardier 

Shields, James A., T/Sgt, gunner 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 126 

TARGET: Athens/Eleusis A/D, Greece. DATE: 16 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb. (1 in each plane delayed action) 446th Planes: 13 

Lt. Kaschenbach, 445th Sqdn, led the formation. Very good coverage of the field and 
dispersal area reported. Bombs ran across field from NE to SW cratering the runway and 
causing large explosions, and hitting S hangar. Direct hits observed on small bridge N of 
hangars, on T/E a/c in front of hangars, on 2 E/A in middle of field, among 15 E/A in 
revetment in NE dispersal area. Many large explosions and a total of 10 fires counted. 
Flak at target was heavy, intense, and accurate. 

Kaschenback, Carl E., 1Lt, pilot, 445th BS 

 

447th BS War Diary: 14 planes were scheduled to participate in a raid over 
ATHENS/ELEUSIS A/D. All planes took off but 3 returned early due to gun 
malfunctions. Pilots of the planes returning early were: Lt. McFadden, Lt. Springler and 
Lt. Stephenson. Lt. Stephenson got lost when he turned back and had quite an excursion 
over Greece and other enemy territory before he found Grottaglia safely. He logged 4 
hours on that trip. Results of mission: good. Frags and demolition bombs used. Direct 
hits on hangars. E/A was seen but did not attack. Flak, heavy, intense, accurate. Flight 
leader—Lt. Beeson. 

Beeson, Ellwood H., 1Lt, pilot, operations McFadden, Kenneth L., 1Lt, pilot 

Springler, Richard H., 1Lt, pilot Stephenson, Henry W. "Steve", 1Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 119 (154): At 10:20 48 planes off to bomb 
Athens/Eleusis A/D, 5 returned early and 43 dropped 65 x 500 delayed fused bombs and 
2138 frags at 12:35 from 10,500 feet. All returned at 13:45, very good coverage of field 
and dispersal area with 500’s cratering the runway. Hangars also hit and NE dispersal 
area well hit. Large explosion on NW side a total of 10 fires seen. Intense, heavy, 
accurate flak. Weather: CAVU. F/L: Anderson. Anderson, Andrew H. L., 1Lt, pilot 


Wednesday, 17 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): B-25's bomb the airfield at 

Kalamaki, Greece. In Italy, fighters hit trucks N of Ancona at Macerata. The 87th Fighter 
Squadron, 79th Fighter Group, transfers from Salsola to Madna Airfield, Italy with P-40's. 
The 381st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 310th Bombardment Group (Medium), 
ceases operating from Oudna, Tunisia and returns to it's base at Menzel Temime, Tunisia 
with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Orders were received to pack up and head for the new base near 
Foggia. The Squadron is scheduled to send an advance detail up tomorrow and the bulk 
of the equipment and men should follow the next day. The various departments were 
busy all day packing up. There was a beef dinner for the Squadron personnel this 
evening. When the beef ran out, turkey was served to the remaining few. The chow line 
started forming at 3:30 P.M., nor rain, nor darkness, nor a brief air raid scare could cause 
this line to dwindle. It was the first fresh meat issued to this Squadron in this country. 
Lt. Col. Cook was transferred to Group Operations today and it is the popular opinion 
that Capt. Tipton, Operations Officer, will become the new Squadron Commander. 

Cook, Bailey C., Lt Col, pilot, Commander Tipton, William L. "Tip", Maj, pilot, 

 

446th BS War Diary: A meeting called this afternoon and the men were notified that the 
Squadron is moving to Foggia. The first contingent to leaves tomorrow. There was an 
alert in the evening and the AA over in the direction of Taranto opened up. It was showy, 
but made everyone nervous. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 127 

TARGET: Athens/Kalamaki A/D, Greece. DATE: 17 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb (delayed action) Frags 446th Planes: 12 

MAJOR SCHWANE, 446th Sqdn CO, led the formation and the bombing pattern was 
excellent. Field was well cratered by demos with direct hits on the two long runways at 
their intersection. Frags fell in S, SE, and NE dispersal areas with especially good 
coverage of the SE area. Three fires were seen in front of the hangars, a large explosion 
and four fires in the SE area, 5 E/A burning on S edge of field, and 2 on NE edge, and a 
large fire just N of hangars. Columns of black and white smoke were visible 20 miles 
from the target. B-25s destroyed one ME 109 and escort destroyed one. Flak was heavy, 
intense, and moderate from target. 

Schwane, Henry H., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 planes were scheduled to take part in a raid on 
ATENS/KALAMAKI A/D. 10 planes completed the mission. 1 plane, Lt. Gill pilot, 
returned early due to generator trouble. The other plane, Lt. DeMay pilot, taxied to 
runway but did not take off due to mechanical failure. Results of raid—good. Flak: 
heavy, intense, accurate, E/A: 5 ME 109’s seen. Sgt. A.H. Smith credited with having 
shot down 1 ME-109. S/Sgt. Roever completed his 50th mission today. Lt. McFadden 
also completed his 50th combat mission. 

 


Wednesday, 17 November 1943 (continued) 

 

DeMay, Kenneth C., 1Lt, pilot Gill, Paul W., 2Lt, pilot 

McFadden, Kenneth L., 1Lt, pilot Roever, George W., Jr., S/Sgt, radio-gunner 

Smith, Argyle H., Cpl, turret gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 120 (155): At 10:25 36 planes off to bomb 
Athens/Kalamaki A/D and dropped 60 x 500 bombs, 12 x 500 delayed fused bombs and 
1614 frags at 12:49 from 10,500 feet, all returned 14:45. Bomb pattern excellent, frags in 
S, SE and NE dispersal areas and three fires seen in front of hangars. A large explosion 
and four fires in SE dispersal area and 7 A/C seen burning. One ME-109 destroyed by B-
25 and one by escort. Some E/A seen but not aggressive. Intense, heavy, accurate flak. 
Weather: CAVU at target. F/L: Wilt. 

Wilt, Richard H., 1Lt, pilot 

 


Thursday, 18 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): Medium and light 
bombers of the XII Air Support Command and RAF attack the airfield at Larissa, Greece, 
a billeting area at Rivisondoli, Italy and road, railway and town area W of San Vito 
Chietino and at Lanciano, Italy. In Yugoslavia, fighter-bombers hit a ship in the Krka 
River, trains at Knin marshalling yard and between Knin and Kosovo, the landing ground 
at Sinj, harbor and vessels at Sibenik, and defended points and gun positions along the 
battleline in Italy. HQ 33rd Fighter Group transfers from Paestum to Santa Maria, Italy. 
The 23rd Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Photographic Reconnaissance 
Group, based at La Marsa, Tunisia with F-5's, begins operating from Foggia, Italy. The 
345th Fighter Squadron, 350th Fighter Group, transfers from Rerhaia, Algeria to Sardinia 
with P-39's. The 347th Fighter Squadron, 350th Fighter Group, transfers from Djidjelli to 
Rerhaia, Algeria with P-39's. The 381st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 310th 
Bombardment Group (Medium), transfers from Menzel Temime, Tunisia to Philippeville, 
Algeria with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The advance detail for the Squadron left by truck late this morning 
for the new base near Foggia. It consisted of about 40 men with equipment and tents. 
Two planes carrying additional personnel also took off for the new base today. The move 
will not interfere with operations which will be carried on from the old base due to the 
fact that the new base in not yet ready. There was no noon chow and supper was eaten at 
the 448th. The advance detail ate turkey sandwiches on the road and arrived at the new 
base late in the evening. They slept with a negro Quartermaster outfit. Our flying 
personnel attended the meeting at Group today where they were informed that they would 
have to fly more than 50 missions. It was explained that there would be no more 
replacements crews assigned to this Theatre until next March as they were needed more 
urgently in other theatres. Our flying personnel’s morale is very low tonight. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Some rations this evening, cigarettes, a cigar, a Hershey bar and 
Tootsie Rolls. The candy was a real treat after having nothing but hard candy for a 
month. Captain Griffith and Lt. Jack G. Porter were awarded the DFC today. 

Griffith, Frank J., Capt, pilot Porter, Jack G., 2Lt, pilot 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: Squadron Mission 127 

TARGET: Larissa A/D, Greece. DATE: 18 Nov 1943 

Type of Bombs: 500 lb. (delayed action) Frags. 446th Planes: 12 

Lt. Bugbee, 447th Sqdn, led the formation. Clouds prevented bombing the primary target, 
Eleusis A/D, but good coverage scored on the alternate. Demos made direct hits on the 
runways. Frags hit hangars and small buildings to North perimeter, N and NE revetment 
areas, W side of field, and S dispersal area. Direct hits seen on 2 E/A, 2 fires observed on 
N perimeter, and 6 in NW area. One explosion N of hangars. One E/A made a pass at 
the formation while over the target. Flak was heavy, intense, accurate, but tracking. 

Bugbee, James M., 1Lt, pilot, 447th BS 

 

 




Thursday, 18 November 1943 (continued) 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 planes of this squadron participated in a raid over LARISSA 
A/D, Greece. This was a secondary target. Results: good. Direct hits on runway, 
hangars and revetments. Flak: heavy, intense, accurate. All planes returned. Sgt. H.B. 
Harmer received flak wounds. E/A seen but were not aggressive. This squadron led the 
formation, Lt. Bugbee being leader. The following completed their 50th combat mission 
today: Lt. Olson, Lt. A.M. Holloway, S/Sgt. F.X. Early, and S/Sgt. R.D. Penson. 
Excerpt from bulletin in Orderly Room, from Hq. 12th Air Force Service Command dated 
Nov. 5: “Beginning Nov. 15, 1943 the issue of post exchange components as a ration 
will cease. All Exchange Officers are authorized to make a profit of 25 cents per carton 
on cigarettes. All other items will be sold at cost.” Col Knapp called all flight personnel 
together after the mission and informed them that the practice of relieving them from 
combat duty after 50 missions was to be discontinued. This naturally came as a big 
disappointment, especially to the men that are approaching the 50 mark. On General 
Order 92, 12th Air Force Hq. Nov 18, 1943 Capt. Robert W. Richardson and Capt. Peter 
B. Seel were awarded the D.F.C. 

Bugbee, James M., 1Lt, pilot Early, Frank X., S/Sgt, gunner 

Harmer, Harry B., S/Sgt, armor-gunner Holloway, Arthur M., 1Lt, navigator 

Knapp, Robert D., Col, pilot, 321st BG Commander 

Olson, Robert C., 1Lt, pilot Penson, Ralph D., S/Sgt, gunner 

Richardson, Robert W., Capt, pilot Seel, Peter B., Jr., Capt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 121 (156): At 09:55 36 planes off to bomb 
Athens/Eleusis A/D and dropped 57 x 500 bombs and 11 x 500 delayed fused bombs and 
1626 frags at 13:46 from 9000 feet, on alternate target of Larissa A/D and all returned at 
14:00. Cloud cover prevented bombing of primary target, direct hits were scored on 
runways, hangars and small buildings to the N. N perimeter and N and NE revetment 
areas, west side of field and three dispersal areas all hit. Direct hits on two E/A and eight 
fires in NW area, one explosion N of hangars. One E/A made pass at formation over 
target, several more seen near A/D but did not attack. Two large M/V seen off Cape 
Gaidhoros. One D and 4 M/V seen in Khalkis Harbor. Intense, heavy, accurate flak. 
Weather: Light rain at target. F/L: Wilt. 

Wilt, Richard H., 1Lt, pilot 

 


Friday, 19 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, XII Air Support 
Command A-36's and P-40's bomb a bridge E of Cassino and the bridge and village of 
Pontecorvo, and, along with RAF DAF fighter-bombers, hit strongpoints around the 
village of Barrea while supporting ground forces. Fighters (mostly RAF DAF) also strafe 
trucks and trains around Rieti, Italy and Metkovic, Yugoslavia. HQ 79th Fighter Group 
and it's 85th and 86th Fighter Squadrons transfer from Foggia to Madna Airfield, Italy 
with P-40's. HQ 86th Fighter-Bomber Group and it's 525th Fighter-Bomber Squadron 
transfer from Serretella Airfield to Pomigliano, Italy with A-36's. HQ 340th 
Bombardment Group (Medium) and it's 486th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) 
transfer from San Pancrazio to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. The 380th Bombardment 
Squadron (Medium), 310th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Philippeville, 
Algeria, ceases operating from Oudna, Tunisia with B-25's and returns to base. The 428th 
Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 310th Bombardment Group (Medium), transfers from 
Menzel Temime, Tunisia to Philippeville, Algeria with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Lt. Col. Cook today officially became Group Operations Officer 
and Capt. Tipton is the new Squadron Commander. The men in the old location ate chow 
today in the 448th. More equipment and personnel continued to move to the new location 
and at the end of the day, only the air crews and a skeleton force of the ground crew 
remained at the old base. At the new base, the advance detail ate a delicious pancake 
breakfast at the negro Quartermaster and then began the task of setting up the area. The 
area selected was an almost level green tract of land adjacent to the main road to Foggia. 
The orderly room, Operations-Intelligence and a few other tents were set up. The mess 
building was practically completed today. 

Cook, Bailey C., Lt Col, pilot, Commander 

Tipton, William L. "Tip", Capt, pilot, Commander 

 

446th BS War Diary: The Group CO had a meeting today with the pilots to let them 
know that they would not be returning to the USA after completing 50 missions. The 
reason: no replacements for the time being. Many of the combat crew feel that the 
missions under Air Support won’t be as bad as we’ve seen having. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: No mission, cancelled, due to weather. The move to Foggia is 
now definite and packing begins. The tent flooring will be moved up to our new base and 
also the enlisted men’s mess hall. Floors were removed from the tents today and some 
trucks loaded with them. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 


Saturday, 20 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, XII Air Support 
Command and RAF DAF fighters carry out uneventful armed reconnaissance; the 
NATBF hits the Porto Civitanova railway junction, Pedaso, Giulianova, and Loreto. HQ 
321st Bombardment Group (Medium) and it's 445th and 448th Bombardment Squadrons 
(Medium) transfer from Grottaglia to Amendola, Italy with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Capt. Tipton, the new Squadron Commander, called a meeting of 
all combat crew members this morning and explained to them the details of the “50 
missions” situation. He informed them that they would not be used unless absolutely 
necessary. If more replacements do not arrive, they will be needed. More men and 
equipment arrives at the new location and the area is beginning to take shape once again. 
The mess building was completed. The mess lines are very long since both Ordnance and 
the 68th Service Squadron are eating at our mess. 

Tipton, William L. "Tip", Capt, pilot, Commander 

 

446th BS War Diary: Some new tactics were to be used on a mission today, but the 
mission was called off at briefing time. During the night a Beaufighter based on the field 
crash-landed. No news about whether anyone was injured. Lt. Meehan transferred to 
Port of Debarkation, USA. 

Meehan, James M., 1Lt, bombardier 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission cancelled—rain. While on way to Taranto Lt. Neprash 
and Lt. Holloway crashed-up in a jeep. Forced off road by a G.I. truck, Lt. Neprash, pilot 
of the jeep, Okie 2nd, ran into a civilian cyclist and in order to prevent fatal injury to the 
civilian he steered the jeep back on the road and in doing so side swiped the truck. The 
jeep then swerved off the road and crashed into a tree. Lt. Holloway received a cut on the 
head and Lt. Neprash one on his lip. An English sergeant, who was riding on the back 
seat of the jeep suffered from shock and a pair of broken glasses. The civilian was rushed 
to the hospital. Lt. McFadden departed for the new base at Foggia with the advance 
echelon. Several truck loads of flooring was sent up. We are to be located at Amendola 
satellite. Lt. Spikes and Lt. Bugbee flew to Cairo today. He was given on thousand 
dollars out of the enlisted men’s fund so that he might bring back the equivalent in Scotch 
and Whiskey for the enlisted mens club. 

Bugbee, James M., 1Lt, pilot Holloway, McGlon T., 2Lt, intelligence 

McFadden, Kenneth L., 1Lt, pilot Neprash, Sergius P. 2Lt, intelligence 

Spikes, Robert F., 1Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Sunday, 21 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, NATBF B-25's 
bomb gun emplacements at Gaeta; US and RAF fighter-bombers of the RAF DAF hit 
strong points in the Santa Maria Imbaro and Poggiofiorito areas; fighters carry out patrols 
and reconnaissance along the battleline along the Corigliano and Sangro Rivers. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Bad weather caused a cancellation of the mission for the men still 
at the old base. They must remain there until the new base has adequate facilities. A 
hard, continuous rain at the new location kept most of the men inside their tents and little 
progress was made in setting up the various departments. Four bags of packages and 
letters arrived today at the new base. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Trucks took all our flooring up to the new base. We should have 
been there by now and operating according to our usual standards of moving, something 
must be holding things up. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission cancelled. Packing going strong. Trucks continue to 
shuttle back and forth hauling flooring and squadron supplies. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Monday, 22 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, 100+ XII Air 
Support Command P-40's, B-25's, and RAF Baltimores, attack strongpoints in the 
Lanciano-Fossacesia area, concentrating on gun positions; P-40's also hit roads and 
railways at Fabriano, the towns of Viticuso and Vallerotonda, and as far N as Urbino; A-
36's hit chemical works, harbor and railroad yards at Civitavecchia and bomb the village 
of San Vittore del Lazio. The 99th Fighter Squadron, XII Air Support Command, 
transfers from Foggia to Madna, Italy with P-40's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: British trucks were used to transport more equipment and men to 
the new base. The Officer’s and Enlisted men’s clubs were torn down and sent to the 
new base where they will be rebuilt. The Squadron S-2 is temporarily acting as Group 
Intelligence in the absence of the Group personnel. The new base 12 miles northeast of 
Foggia is just 70 miles from the front and occasionally the men can hear the big booms 
from heavy artillery. This no doubt provided incentive to build slit trenches which many 
of the men have done. 

 

446th BS War Diary: A mail call today with more Christmas packages and letters. This 
is the first mail call in a week and the fellows feel better knowing they still have a chance 
of getting some. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission cancelled. S/Sgt Pauschert returned to duty from 
detached service with the “G” planes in the Middle East. 

Pauschert, Royal E., S/Sgt, engineering 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Tuesday, 23 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): Weather limits operations 
to fighter patrols of the battle area. 

 

445th BS War Diary: No mission for this date and had the weather been satisfactory, the 
air crews would have proceeded to the new base. The air echelon is eating with the 447th 
as the 448th has already moved to the new base. More progress was made by this 
Squadron in completing its operation setup. 

 

446th BS War Diary: A mission scheduled but called off in the morning. Rain in the 
afternoon. Lts. Lovingood, Bailey, and Coffey were awarded the DFC today. 

Bailey, Merle H., 2Lt, pilot Coffey, Noel F., 2Lt, pilot 

Lovingood, Willard J., 2Lt, pilot 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: No mission. All packing completed and just standing by waiting 
for the Q.M. Trucks. Capt. Manly was appointed investigator of a shooting which took 
place in Grottaglia last night. Member of squadron 556 shot and killed an Italian. Ninety 
men from 445 squadron began to eat with us today since their mess has already moved to 
the new area at Foggia. 

Manly, Robert W. "Horse", Capt, intelligence 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 


Wednesday, 24 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, NATBF 
bombers, along with RAF DAF fighter-bombers, in close support of the British Eighth 
Army, hit gun positions and defended points in the Fossacesia area; XII Air Support 
Command A-36's, in support of the US Fifth Army, hit roads NW of battleline, and bomb 
the harbor at Civitavecchia. 

 

445th BS War Diary: The remainder of the Squadron moved to Foggia via air and motor 
vehicle. Most of the planes made several flights ferrying men and baggage to the new 
field. More and more tents ar springing up in the area and the chow lines remain as long 
as ever. 

 

446th BS War Diary: The turkeys came for our Thanksgiving Dinner, but they came so 
late in the day that we won’t be able to have them for dinner tomorrow. They’ll be 
served Friday instead. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 44 QM trucks arrived this morning and by night fall the area was 
cleaned out and most of the Squadron men and equipment were under way to the new 
base at Foggia. The trucks made the first leg of the trip to Bari, remained there over night 
and completed the trip the following morning. The Thanksgiving turkeys were drawn at 
the QM before leaving Grottaglia and one truck was devoted to hauling the precious load 
to our new base. S/Sgt. Kellner left for hospital. 

Kellner, Joseph H., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 


Thursday, 25 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, light and medium 
bombers of the XII Air Support Command, along with Allied airplanes, bomb gun 
positions and defended points in the Lanciano-Fossacesia area; medium bombers also hit 
Sarajevo and Travnik, Yugoslavia and Ancona, Italy; US and RAF fighters attack 
vehicles, gun positions, and strongpoints in the Casoli-Castelfrentano-Lanciano-
Fossacesia area. The 447th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 321st Bombardment 
Group (Medium), transfers from Grottaglia to Amendola, Italy with B-25's. The 488th 
and 489th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 340th Bombardment Group (Medium), 
transfer from San Pancrazio to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Six of our bombers took off this morning to hit a target in 
Yugoslavia but returned due to bad weather. Thanksgiving Dinner was served today with 
all the trimmings at 14:00. It was the only meal of the day and there was a large number 
of sharp appetites to satisfy. The mess personnel did it with roast turkey, potatoes, peas, 
cranberry sauce, stuffing, jello, bread, celery, coffee and nuts. The chow line started 
forming around noon and stretched clear across the area. All agreed that it was a 
delicious meal. After the big dinner, luxury rations were distributed to the men. There 
was a little rain in the afternoon and the night was cold and windy. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Thanksgiving Day. All the other Squadrons in the Group are at 
the Base Foggia. Some of our departments have sent some of their equipment on and the 
others are packing. The move will come in a day or two. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: The second leg of the trip was completed this morning and with 
the exception of 4 or 5 men the entire squadron was present by night fall. No 
Thanksgiving dinner today but the turkeys are on hand. Notice on Bulletin Board from 
12th Air Force Command dated Nov. 25 in regards to uniforms and passes. 

I. (a) O.D. uniform shall be worn while on pass. 

 (b) Soldiers cannot remain in towns and cities after the curfew hour unless with a 

 group which is attending a movie, dance etc. 

II. Steel helmets must be carried in vicinity of Naples. 

III. Beware of Guides-to-Pompeii over charging. 10 Lire per person being the standard 
prices. 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 


Friday, 26 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, B-25's and A-
20's along with RAF light bombers, attack the marshalling yard and harbor at Ancona, 
defended positions near Fossacesia, Lanciano, and Castelfrentano; US and RAF fighter-
bombers hit these same positions and also attack troop concentration near Palombaro and 
N of Casoli. The detachment of the 12th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 3rd 
Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), at Ajaccio/Campo del Oro, Corsica with F-4's and 
F-5's, returns to it's base at La Marsa, Tunisia. The 379th Bombardment Squadron 
(Medium), 310th Bombardment Group(Medium), based at Philippeville, Libya ceases 
operating from El Adem, Libya and starts operating from Gambit, Libya with B-25's. 
The 487th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 340th Bombardment Group (Medium), 
transfers from San Pancrazio to Foggia, Italy with B-25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Additional luxury rations were distributed today. “Photo Freddie” 
came over this afternoon trailing white vapor from a very high altitude. Allied pursuit 
planes were hot on his trail and some of the men later reported it was show down. There 
is a very pleasant rumor circulating around camp. A “peace conference” is being held in 
Cairo, the rumors goes, and it is being attended by Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin and a 
representative from Germany, “probably Von Ribbentrop”. It is rumors like this that 
periodically pep up the morale in the Squadron. Needless to say, the rumor is as yet 
unconfirmed. 

 

446th BS War Diary: After working about all night last night the kitchen put out a 
dinner as good as any we’ve had since we’ve been in the Army. Everything from soup to 
nuts inclusive. Immediately after dinner part of the Squadron left by truck with some of 
the equipment for Foggia. The trip to cover two days, the night spent at Bari. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 11 of our planes participated in a raid over ANCONA Marshalling 
yards, Italy. This was a secondary target. No e/a seen. Flak: light, inaccurate. Results 
of mission: Good. This was the first mission from our new base at Amendola Satellite, 
Foggia. Although we ere forced to eat out of doors today due to the move, the evening 
meal was extra-special for it was Uncle Sam’s G.I. turkey, all equipped with the 
proverbial cranberry and blueberry sauces. To mainly say the meal was good would be a 
gross understatement. About 0200 today, an enemy recon plane passed overhead. It left 
a most vivid vapor trail. Fighters from an adjoining field took after him and there is a 
good possibility that they got him. Lt. Miller and Lt. Olson completed their 50th combat 
mission today. 

Miller, Benjamin B., Jr., 1Lt, pilot Olson, Svend P., 1Lt, navigator 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 122 (157): At 10:15 24 planes off to bomb Sarajevo 
explosive factory and barracks, one returned early and 23 dropped 132 x 500 bombs at 
11:40 from 10,500 feet on alternate target of Ancona M/Y. All returned at 12:35. 

 


Friday, 26 November 1943 (continued) 

 

Because of complete cloud coverage on E side of Adriatic Ancona was bombed. Strings 
of bombs fell through M/Y hitting warehouses and causing one tremendous explosion 
with flames reaching 600 feet in height, the RR was hit S of the harbor. Other strings fell 
across docks principally in W part causing two large explosions, near miss on large M/V 
in harbor. Bombs fell in town. Slight, light inaccurate flak. Weather: CAVU. F/L: 
Bates. 

Bates, James P., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

 


Saturday, 27 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, during the day 
and night, Twelfth Air Force fighters, light and medium bombers and aircraft of the 
associated RAF units of the NATAF attack enemy positions, gun emplacements, roads, 
vehicles, railroad facilities, and targets of opportunity in the Lanciano-Fossacesia-
Castelfrentano-Casoli area. B-25's also bomb Porto Civitanova, Italy and Sibenik, 
Yugoslavia. The 5th Photographic Squadron (Light), Twelfth Air Force, transfers from 
La Marsa, Tunisia to Pomigliano, Italy with F-5's. The 5th has been operating from 
Pomigliano since 14 Oct. The 446th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 321st 
Bombardment Group (Medium), transfers from Grottaglia to Amendola, Italy with B-
25's. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Lt. Haegele flew some Officers and enlisted men to Cairo today. 
With the rumored “peace conference” going on there at the present time, a number of the 
men were valiantly trying to go along for the trip. Between the “peace conference” 
rumor and the news of the devastating bombing of Berlin, the morale in the Squadron is 
very high at present. 

Haegele, Frederick G., 2Lt, pilot 

 

446th BS War Diary: An early start from Bari brought the convoy to Foggia a little 
before noon in spite of some raid during the morning. The trucks were unloaded and 
went right back after the rest of the Squadron. The planes haven’t come up yet. There 
was the usual scramble for tents and poles upon arriving, but everyone slept inside. Our 
meals were taken at the 445th Squadron Mess Hall, but we start eating at 447 in the 
morning. It is possible to hear the big guns at the front from here. Many of the fellows 
have their slit trenches dug already. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 of our planes, led by Maj Sampson, raided Sibenik Harbor, 
Installations and shipping. Our planes were the only ones on this mission, the second one 
of the day for the group but the only one for us. No e/a seen. Results: good. Lt. Gill, Lt. 
DeMay, and S/Sgt. Harter completed their 50th combat mission today. Morning report 
for week ending Nov. 27: Officers—62: Enlisted Men –260. 

DeMay, Kenneth C., 1Lt, pilot Gill, Paul W., 2Lt, pilot 

Harter, James, E., S/Sgt, bombardier Sampson, Raymond D., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 123 (159): At 11:00 24 planes off to bomb Sarajevo 
RR installations and barracks, all dropped 72 x 500 bombs and 90 x 250 bombs at 12:43 
from 10,000 feet on alternate target of Porto Civitanova M/Y, all returned at 13:40. M/Y 
well covered with bombs across center and both S and N choke points. Several direct 
hits seen on warehouses W of M/Y and large fire in locomotive shed. One large 
explosion reported after leaving target. One burst of flak. Weather: 8/10th at 10,000 
feet. F/L: Wilt. 

Wilt, Richard H., 1Lt, pilot 


Sunday, 28 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Yugoslavia, B-25's 
bomb warehouses, docks, marshalling yards, barracks, shipping, and other targets at 
Sibenik, Zara, and Dubrovnik; RAF DAF fighters strafe trains between Dubrovnik and 
Metkovic. In Italy, Twelfth Air Force fighters hit vehicles and troops in the battle area; 
Allied fighter-bombers bomb and strafe buildings, trucks, and roads in the Lanciano-
Fossacesia-Casoli areas. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Squadron supply “got on the ball” today and distributed winter 
O.D. clothing to the men. The clothes were sorely needed as many of the men were short 
of this equipment and the weather is quite cold in this locale. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Part of the Squadron arrived at the new base about 1000 hours. 
The planes didn’t come so the day was spent getting set up. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: 12 of our planes participated in a raid over Sibenik Harbor, 
Installations and shipping. No E/A seen. Flak: heavy, medium, intense. Results of 
mission: Excellent. Many direct hits. Sgt. W.W. Dunlop completed his 50th mission in 
combat. Word was received today concerning the missing crew of Baxter, Jordan, 
Muirhead, Wagner, Gregory, Leon and Newhouse. They are being interned in Turkey. 
Their misfortune befell them on a raid over Athens/Eleusis A/D. The report states that 
Sgt. Newhouse, Engineer Gunner, was killed over the target. The others are safe. More 
details hope to be learned later. Another shake-up in the squadron guard system. We 
now have 3-4hr. and 15 minute shifts per night and use a total of 36 men plus the Sgt. of 
Guard and Charge of Quarters. Under this system a man gets guard about every third 
night. Notice on Bulletin Board: “Beginning tonight two trucks will leave motor pool at 
1800 to attend movies in Foggia.” 

Baxter, Lt, pilot Dunlap, Woodrow, S/Sgt, gunner 

Gregory, Ralph J. H., S/Sgt, gunner Jordan, Theodore D., 2Lt, pilot 

Leon, Robert D., Cpl, photographer Muirhead, Graham K., 2Lt, bombardier 

Newhouse, Ralph W., Sgt, gunner Wagner, Harvey H., Sgt, gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 124 (161): At 09:55 24 planes off to bomb Sarajevo 
M/Y, all dropped 70 x 500 and 96 x 300 bombs at 11:51 from 9,500 feet on alternate 
target of Sibenik shipping and installations, all returned at 12:30. Cloud cover caused 
bombing of alternate target. Excellent cover at Sibenik, strings of bombs fell through 
warehouses and barracks NW of town causing explosions and three fires, other bombs hit 
M/Y and choke point. Hits on unloading quay resulted in four fires and near miss was 
made on M/V at quay. Slight, heavy, inaccurate flak. Weather: CAVU. F/L: Clark. 

Clark, Paul I., 2Lt, pilot 


Monday, 29 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): B-25's bomb Sarajevo, 
Yugoslavia and road and rail bridges at Giulianova, Italy. US, South African Air Force 
(SAAF), and RAF light bombers hit enemy strongpoints at San Vito Chietino and the 
Castelfrentano-Lanciano-Fossacesia areas; Allied fighter-bombers bomb enemy forward 
positions around Fossacesia and Lanciano of Italy. The 37th Troop Carrier Squadron, 
316th Troop Carrier Group, transfers from El Aouina, Tunisia to Borizzo, Sicily with C-
47's. The 415th Night Fighter Squadron, XII Air Support Command, based at Catania, 
Sicily with Beaufighters, sends a detachment to Montecorvino, Italy. 

 

445th BS War Diary: Luxury rations were distributed to the men today. It was a very 
good ration as there was a good number of first grade cigarettes and some good candy. 
Today the Squadron participated in its 129 mission. To date the Squadron has been 
credited with a total of 1165 sorties. Captain Tipton leads in missions flown with 57. Lt. 
McGee has 54 while Sgt. Garner has flown 53 missions to date. These are the only men 
who have flown more than 50 missions in the Squadron. 

Garner, Argyle R., Sgt, radio-gunner McGee, William H., 2Lt, pilot 

Tipton, William L. "Tip", Capt, pilot 

 

446th BS War Diary: Planes still haven’t arrived, but the men and equipment is coming 
in a little at a time. Some of the men are coming down with jaundice not seriously, but 
they feel uncomfortable. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission to Sarajevo. 12 of our ships participated. No e/a 
encountered. Flak: heavy, inaccurate. Results: Fair. Lt. Gill and Lt. Fraser promoted to 
1st Lt. The following completed their 50th combat mission today: Lts. Broyles, Boyle, 
Fallone, Fraser; T/Sgt. Myers, S/Sgt. Szcpanski, and Sgt. Werner. 

Boyle, Joseph G., Jr., 1Lt, bombardier Broyles, Porter A., 1Lt, pilot 

Fallone, Henry J., 1Lt, pilot Fraser, Harry A., Jr, 1Lt, pilot 

Gill, Paul W., 1Lt, pilot Myers, William W., T/Sgt, gunner 

Szcpanski, Leonard A., S/Sgt, gunner Werner, George P., Sgt, gunner 

 

448th BS War Diary: Mission # 125 (162): At 09:45 32 planes off to bomb Sarajevo, 
two returned early and 27 dropped 160 x 500 at 11:16 from 10,000 feet, 30 returned at 
12:20. Three unable to see target and did not drop bombs. The last flight made a second 
run on the target, target obscured by haze, some crews believe smoke posts were used. 
Bombs believed widely scattered, some hits across RR tracks and on M/T repair shops. 
Large explosion near munitions factory. E/A seen but did not attack. Submarines seen at 
43° N and 17° 17’ E. Weather: Haze and smoke over target. F/L: Wilt. 

Wilt, Richard H., 1Lt, pilot 

 




 

Tuesday, 30 November 1943 

 

USAAF Chronology: MTO Tactical Operations (12th AF): In Italy, A-20's, operating 
in conjunction with light bombers of the SAAF and RAF attack ground installations and 
defended areas around Lanciano, Fossacesia, Orsogna, Castelfrentano, and Guardiagrele; 
fighter-bombers, [US, RAAF, SAAF and RAF] hit pre-arranged targets in the battle area, 
and by hitting targets of opportunity on roads between Lanciano to Mozzagrogna aid in 
defeating a counterattack against the US 34th Infantry Division on Monte Pantano. The 
23rd Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, 
transfers from La Marsa, Tunisia to Foggia, Italy with F-5's. The squadron has been 
operating from Foggia since 18 Nov. 

 

445th BS War Diary: There was no mission today and the men took it easy. Some of 
the men obtained jeeps or “used the thumb” to visit the surrounding towns of Foggia, 
Manfredonia and others. Many report having had delicious spaghetti and chicken 
dinners. 

 

446th BS War Diary: Still waiting for the planes, all departments are fairly well set up 
so it is possible to operate as soon as the planes arrive. Very cold last night, snow visible 
on the mountains but only a light frost here. 

 

446th BS Mission Summary: No Missions 

 

447th BS War Diary: Mission cancelled. Lt. Spikes and Lt. Bugbee returned from 
Cairo. No liquor for the EM club. However, one consolation is that we still have the 
thousand dollars that was intended to be spent on whiskey. 

Bugbee, James M., 1Lt, pilot Spikes, Robert F., 1Lt, pilot 

 

448th BS War Diary: No Entry 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


November 1943 

 

445th BS War Diary: Additional Information for November 1943: None 

 

446th BS War Diary: Additional Information for November 1943 

 

446th BOMBARDMENT SQUADRON (M) AAF 

321ST BOMBARDMENT GROUP (M) AAF 

APO 650 

 

1 December 1943 

 

SQUADRON NARRATIVE HISTORY FOR NOVEMBER 1943 

 

A. Original unit 

 1. 446th Bomb Sqdn (M), 321st Bomb Group (M), AAF . 

 2. Organized 1 August 1942 

 3. Columbia Army Air Base, Columbia, S.C. 

 4. Activated at Barksdale Field, La., 23 June 1942 

 5. Personnel obtained by transfer from other units, training schools and replacement 
centers 

 

B. Strength, commissioned and enlisted 

 1. 1 November 1943 79 Officers, 294 Enlisted Men 

 2. Net Increase None 

 3. Net Decrease 15 Officers, 24 Enlisted Men 

 4. 30 November 1943 64 Officers, 270 Enlisted Men 

 

C. Stations permanent or temporary of unit or parts thereof: 

 There remain this date one Officer and six Enlisted Men assigned to this Squadron in 
Africa. 

 

D. Commanding Officer in important engagements: 

 1. Engagements; 

 Rimini and Ancona MY, Italy 

 Berat/Kucove A/D, Albania 

 Sofia M/Y, Bulgaria 

 Athens/Kalamaki A/D, Greece. 

 2. LT. COL. HENRY H. SCHWANE (pilot). 

 

E. Losses in action: 

 1. S/Sgt. Edwin E. Ramsburg (gunner) missing in action in Dodecanese Islands. 

 

F. Officers and Enlisted members of the Squadron, or former members who have 
distinguished themselves in actions: 

 Captain Frank J. Griffith (pilot) awarded D.F.C. on 18 Nov. 1943 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

 Lt. Jack G. Porter (pilot) awarded D.F.C. on 18 Nov. 1943 

 Lt. Willard Lovingood (pilot) awarded D.F.C. on 23 Nov. 1943 

 Lt. Noel Coffey (pilot) awarded the D.F.C. posthumously on Nov. 23 1943 

 Lt. Merle H. Bailey (pilot) awarded the D.F.C. posthumously on 23 Nov. 1943 

 

G. Campaigns 

 1. Complete data in attached mission summaries. 

 

 

447th BS War Diary: Additional Information for November 1943 

 

 Major developments of the month were, briefly—Our transfer from Strategic Air 
Force to Tactical Air Force---Rotation of combat personnel after fifty missions 
discontinued---Movement of squadron from Grottaglia to Amendola Satellite, Foggia—
first of June replacements reach the fifty-mission mark---Last group of original crew 
members to reach fifty-mission mark took-off for the States---Squadron gunners tally a 3-
0 victory over enemy fighters—Maj. Sampson lead raid on Sofia, Bulgaria—Bulgaria’s 
first sting of the war from bombers---G-planes and crews transferred out, C and D crews 
assigned to replace them. Details appear in the War Diary. 

Sampson, Raymond D., Maj, pilot, Commander 

 

 Incidentals: Elaborate home improvements had been made by most of the men 
when we moved from our first camp site at Grottaglia to what we thought was to be a 
more or less permanent site. In addition to flooring many of the tents had wooden sidings 
and extensions and there was no joy when the news broke that we were to prepare to 
move to Foggia. It was decided, however, that all available lumber would be transported 
up to the new base and for once—plenty of trucks were provided by the Service Group to 
handle the move adequately. Within two days after we had settled at our new camp site 
at Amendola Satellite most of the tents had been set up exactly as they were at Grottaglia. 

 

 Our new area with its matting of green grass was quite an improvement over the 
red, slippery mud in the olive grove at Grottaglia. There are no buildings or trees in the 
area, however, and our planes are parked two or three miles from the tent area. All of the 
squadron areas are in a line along the highway running east form Foggia. We are located 
between the 446th and 448th. The officers tents are dispersed along the west side of the 
squadron area and the enlisted men’s tents along the east side. Every man must provide 
himself with a slit trench. 

 

 The city of Foggia is a mass of rubble from bombings and shellings and in itself 
offers little attraction. Hot showers are available in the basement of one of the bombed 
buildings, however, and these as well as the Red Cross and GI movies draw crowds of 
soldiers from the surrounding camps. The squadron sends two trucks in each night to 
accommodate the movie-goers. 

 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

 Bitterest pill of the month was swallowed by the combat crews on the eighteenth 
when Col. Knapp announced that there would be no more automatic rotation at the 
completion of fifty combat missions. Several of the June replacements had already 
reached the fifty mark when the announcement came and most of the others were nearing 
it. Dreams of being home for Christmas were shattered and most of the squadron combat 
crews sought the solace of the bottle that night to drown their sorrow. 

Knapp, Robert D., Col, pilot, 321st BG Commander 

 

 Bad weather was responsible for cancellation of many of the scheduled missions 
throughout the month. The targets were located in the Balkans for the most part but some 
were in Northern Italy. 

 

 Thanksgiving day was spent in getting the new area set up and the turkeys which 
had been issued were still waiting for the mess sergeants knife at the end of the day. The 
following day these plump and noble birds (with all the trimmings) tickled the palates of 
one and all—a fitting climax to the toil and inconveniences involved in moving. 

 

Missions Flown: 13 Sorties Flown: 139 

Bombs dropped (weight): 301,640 Planes lost: None 

Enemy Aircraft Destroyed: 3 Enemy Aircraft Damaged (in air): 3 

 

 Headquarters 12th Air Force, General Orders Number 92: awarded the following 
officers the Distinguished Flying Cross. 

 

 ROBERT W. RICHARDSON, 0-727918, Captain (pilot), Seattle, Washington. 
For extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight in the North African 
Theatre of Operations as pilot of a B-25 type aircraft. On 10 July 1943 Capt. Richardson 
led a thirty-six plane formation against Trapani Milo Airdrome. On the bomb run half of 
the bombers were damaged by the heavy antiaircraft fire and two were shot down. 
Although his plane was riddled with holes from six close bursts of flak, and subjected to 
fighter attack over the target, Capt. Richardson courageously and expertly led a perfect 
bomb run with the result that two hangars were leveled, another damaged and fifteen 
enemy aircraft destroyed on the ground. Such courage, skill and sense of responsibility 
in the face of great danger reflect great credit upon himself and the Military Service of 
the United States. 

 

 PETER B. SEEL, 0-660008, Captain (pilot), Athens, Ohio. For extraordinary 
achievement while participating in aerial flight in the North African Theatre of 
Operations as pilot of a B-25 type aircraft. While leading a thirty-six plane formation to 
Gerbini Satellite field number one, Capt. Seel’s plane received repeated direct hits by 
anti-aircraft fire, wounding his turret gunner and damaging one engine. Unable to pick 
out the assigned objective because of poor visibility, and briefed for no alternate target, 
Capt. Seel displayed outstanding determination and flying skill in maintaining flight long 
enough to lead his group on a highly destructive bomb run over the Gerbini Airdrome. 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

Then, unable to maintain altitude, he returned safely to his base by a separate course. His 
courageous leadership and selfless devotion to his responsibilities reflect great credit 
upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States. 

 

448th BS War Diary: Additional Information for November 1943: 

 

 November began cloudy and with rain threatening continually, every day some of 
the liquid Italian sunshine fell. The Squadron Area became a sea of mud with a large 
stream of water running through the Enlisted Men’s Area during the downpours. 

 

 Everyone was fairly dry in their tents although several leaks that had not 
developed in October were noted in November. The Mess Hall and Kitchen remained 
dry and the Enlisted Men’s Mess, covered with another load of gravel and containing 
benches became quite comfortable. The Squadron again had a very adequate Mess set 
up, but the food did not improve despite strenuous efforts on the part of the cooks. Corn 
Beef still tasted like Corn Beef and Stew like Stew. Everyone however was able to 
obtain excellent though scanty meals in the neighboring towns of Taranto, Bari, 
Francavilla and Lecce. 

 

 On the Line mud and rain seriously hampered work but as missions were 
continually called off due to weather conditions there was not too much maintenance 
work to be done. With every mission that took off one or two planes were left stuck in 
the mud awaiting Lt. Wonnacott’s tractor and shovels to drag them out. Major Bates also 
found himself a victim of the mud and remembered with reddened face his instructions in 
regard to the next pilot who repeated this performance. Some long awaited engine 
changes were accomplished in this period. Despite the long illness of Lt. Wonnacott and 
the long absence of Lt Wallnau the Line continued to function in the best traditions of the 
448th. 

Bates, James P., Maj, pilot, Commander Wallnau, Carl N., Jr., 2Lt, engineering 

Wonnacott, Robert C., 1Lt, engineering 

 

 On November 10th four more trucks and two weapon carriers arrived from Africa 
and eased the transportation problem to a great extent. Most of the Jeeps however were 
in very poor condition due to the extreme rough usage they had received. Mud, rough 
roads and overloading were the causes of this condition. 

 

 The missions continued to pound Grecian Air Dromes but were frequently called 
back on account of bad weather. At one time a mission to Athens was called for 7 
consecutive days, November 5 – 12 and when it finally did go the formation found it 
necessary to bomb the alternate target of Berat. While on this raid Lt. Haskell had both 
engines shot out but succeeded in making an excellent water landing. In the confusion 
preceding the landing two men S/Sgt. Hilton and S/Sgt. Schomaker bailed out and their 
chutes were seen to be floating down over Albania. It was Lt. DeMuth’s and S/Sgt’s 
Schomaker 50th mission. The five who stayed with the plane climbed aboard the raft 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

without accident as the plane remained afloat almost three minutes. After six hours in the 
water they were picked up by an Italian sea plane and arrived at the squadron that 
evening little worse for their experience. S/Sgt. Hilton landed on the shore of Albania 
and was immediately hidden by the peasants. Two days later a British Walrus 
accompanied by two Spit Fires attempted a rescue, they were attacked by two ME-109’s 
and Sgt. Hilton was wounded in the leg and hand while attempting to board the Walrus. 
The Walrus was seriously damaged but a short time later another rescue plane succeeded 
in taking them off. Sgt. Schomaker was reported killed when his chute failed to open 
completely. 

DeMuth, Robert D., 2Lt, pilot Haskell, John D., 2Lt, pilot 

Hilton, Daniel H., Sgt, radio-gunner Schomaker, John W., S/Sgt, gunner 

 

 On November 10th two new crews from the 310th Bomb Group (M) joined the 
squadron and four of the B-25G crews transferred to the 310th. The squadron learned that 
it was no longer attached to NASAF but was transferred to the 12th Air Support 
Command 57th Wing of the Tactical Air Force. Everyone waited anxiously the results of 
this move. For the time being there was little noticeable change. 

 

 By the middle of the month all of the original combat crew Officers and most of 
the Enlisted Men had completed their 50 missions and eagerly awaited their Orders 
transferring them to the U.S.A. On November 18 they learned to their sad dismay that 
the 50 mission limit would no longer be adhered to due to lack of replacement crews. 

 

 On November 10th the increasingly cool weather a fourth blanket and stove were 
issued to all personnel. The squadron was digging in for the winter. Although wood was 
scarce the familiar gasoline and oil mechanisms provided heat for all those too lazy to 
secure wood for themselves. 

 

 In the entertainment field bi-weekly shows including many of the latest pictures 
were shown at Group Headquarters. In Taranto an excellent Officer’s Club and several 
good restaurants were discovered, frequent trips to that and other towns were made. As 
the cities became more familiar and everyone acquired a smattering of Italian many 
souvenirs were purchased. Many of the personnel wished their families and friends Bon 
Natale from Italy via the postal card route. 

 

 On November 18th came the news that this pleasant sojourn in Southern Italy the 
land of perpetual sunshine (liquid) was drawing to an untimely end. Abruptly the 
squadron was ordered to pack and make final preparations for an immediate move. 
Major Bates was in Cairo and several other Officers were at a small Rest Camp in the 
Italian heel. The same day Lt. Stannard and a few trucks were dispatched to Foggia as an 
advanced echelon to lay out new camp site. The next day according to the S.O.P. of the 
448th the rains came and several more trucks left for the new area. For the next week 
continuous rains at both sites effectually kept all planes grounded and seriously hampered 
motor transportation of equipment and personnel. At the new site Lts: Stannard and 




November 1943 (continued) 

Greiff sloshed through the mud and rain laying out the new site at the Amendola A/D, 
which was approximately 12 miles east of Foggia. As all available lumber and flooring 
was brought up by truck and flat bed trailer, the 150 mile stretch between the two bases 
witnessed a constant shuttle service by the squadron’s vehicles. In over 84 trips only one 
minor accident was reported. By November 23rd everything but the Kitchen had arrived 
and the squadron seemed destined to eat its Thanksgiving Dinner with the 445th 
squadron. The next day Sgt. Kocsis and most of his equipment arrived and it was 
decided to post-pone the dinner until Friday and thus celebrates Thanksgiving in a true 
448th style. Working far into the night of November 25 the cooks prepared the best meal 
the squadron had ever received over seas. Turkey and all the trimmings was served at 
14:00 hours, after consuming mountainous portions of the delicious repast everyone took 
a rest of several hours. 

Greiff, Stanley (NMI), 2Lt, intelligence Kocsis, Michael (NMI), Sgt, cook 

Stannard, Lewis J., Jr., 2Lt, B.S.M., Adjutant 

 

 The next day the squadron began with a will to organize and build its new home. 
Camped on a sloping grass covered hill the whole area enjoyed excellent drainage and 
was comparatively free from mud. The weather cleared the day after Thanksgiving and 
gave everyone an opportunity of securing themselves against the cool weather yet to 
come. Coal provided adequate fuel for everyone and immediate work was begun on an 
Officer’s Mess Hall, Enlisted Men’s Mess Hall and a Kitchen all to be constructed from 
the old Italian barracks brought from Grottaglia. 

 

 Visits to the cities of Manfredonia and Foggia revealed the fact that these cities 
were much like those seen elsewhere in Italy. Foggia proved to be the silent testimonial 
to the effectiveness of the Allied Bombers, Everywhere in the city stood mute evidence 
of their devastation. 

 

 During the month only 13 missions were flown and it was the exception rather 
than the rule when the formation hit its primary target. The latter part of the month 
brought clearing weather and missions were flown daily. 

 

November 1 – 7 – 43: The squadron strength as of November 1, 1943, 83 Officers and 
302 Enlisted Men. No Officers or Enlisted Men assigned or joined this period. Lt. B.T. 
Robinson transferred to 47th Wing. Corporal L.P. Hoeltzlein transferred to 47th Wing. Lts. 
Boland, Sinclair and Ford promoted to rank of Captain. Lt. DeMuth wounded in action 
but remained on duty, after raid over BERAT/KUCOVE. Several Officers departed 
during the week for rest camp at Santa Cesaria. Officers and Enlisted Men composing 
crew personnel of B-25G’s returned from DS Tobruk where they had completed several 
highly successful sea sweeps. Rains continued to hamper operations. The usual camp 
duties performed. Several Officers and Enlisted Men completed 50 combat missions. 

Boland, Chester H., Capt, navigator DeMuth, Robert D., 2Lt, pilot 

Ford, Charles L., Jr., Capt, pilot Hoeltzlein, Louis P., Cpl, gunner 

Robinson, B. T., 2Lt Sinclair, Irvin W., Jr., Capt, pilot 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

November 8 – 14 – 43: The following Officers and Enlisted Men assigned and joined 
during this period: Lts. L.B. Freeland, A.J. Hoffman, I.P. Evans, F/O T.P. Sowder, W.L. 
Bates; S/Sgts: A.M. Blevins, L.F. Henry, R.E. Ritter, W.B. Penhale, Private P.D. 
Alexander. Eleven Officers and 15 Enlisted Men of the B-25G crews transferred to 310th 
Bomb Group (M), AAF. Lts: Conway, Ford, Captain Vaun, Hurst, Crews, Jacobson; 
S/Sgts: Potosky, Jakse, Rodgers, Ruggere, Colby, Dellwo, Egbom, Featherstone, Long, 
Masteller, Ridgeway, Rohleder, Wallace, White transferred to the United States of 
America. All except 15 EM and 2 Officers joined the squadron from D/S in Africa, 
Several Officers to rest camp at Santa Cesaria. The following changes were made in the 
duties of the Officers in the squadron. Lt. P.I. Clark appointed Squadron Operations 
Officer, Lt. T.L. Blake appointed Squadron Bombing Officer, Lt. R.A. Abbe appointed 
Squadron Navigation Officer, A.W. Kneivel (Captain) appointed Squadron Executive 
Officer and Statistical Officer, Lt. M.K. Marrich, Squadron Adjutant and Mess Officer, 
Lt. E.N. Hayes appointed Squadron Armament Officer, Lt. L. J. Stannard appointed 
squadron Bombsight Maintenance Officer, Lt. R.C. Wonnacott appointed Squadron 
Engineering and Technical Supply Officer, Lt. C.N. Wallnau appointed Squadron 
Assistant Engineering and Technical Supply Officer, Captain M.D. Haven appointed 
Squadron Intelligence Officer, Lt. F.W. Lichtward Squadron Assistant Intelligence 
Officer, Lt. J.A. Page Squadron Assistant Intelligence Officer, Lt. S. Greiff appointed 
Squadron Cryptographic and Security Officer, Lt. L.E. Jantz appointed Squadron Supply, 
Transportation and Signal Property Officer, Captain G.A. Silver appointed Squadron 
Flight Surgeon. Several Officers and Enlisted Men made a short visit to Cairo. On 
November 12, 1943 Lt. Haskell and crew crash landed in the Adriatic Sea, five of the 
crew were rescued after being in the water for six hours. S/Sgt. Hilton rescued two days 
later S/Sgt. J.W. Schomaker missing in action. Weather continued inclement, only one 
mission flown for the week. Usual duties performed while in camp. 

Abbe, Richard A., 2Lt, navigator Alexander, Phillip D., Pvt, gunner 

Bates, Willie T., F/O, pilot Blake, Thomas L., 1Lt, bombardier 

Blevins, Amos M., S/Sgt, gunner Clark, Paul I., 2Lt, pilot 

Colby, Arthur R., S/Sgt, gunner or Colby, Edward R., S/Sgt, gunner 

Conway, John G., Sr., 2Lt, pilot Crews, Joseph T., Capt, pilot 

Dellwo, Lawrence H., S/Sgt, gunner Egbom, Clarence W., S/Sgt, gunner 

Evans, Ivor P., 2Lt, bombardier Featherstone, Charles A., S/Sgt, gunner 

Ford, Charles L., Jr., Capt, pilot Freeland, Levi Z., Jr, 2Lt, pilot 

Greiff, Stanley (NMI), 2Lt, intelligence Haskell, John D., 2Lt, pilot 

Haven, Malcolm D., Capt, intelligence Hayes, Elzie N., Jr., 1Lt, armament 

Henry, Lewis F., S/Sgt, engineer-gunner Hilton, Daniel H., S/Sgt, radio-gunner 

Hoffman, Albert J., 2Lt, pilot Hurst, Joseph B., Capt, navigator 

Jacobson, Norman S., Capt, pilot Jakse, Joseph (NMI), S/Sgt, gunner 

Jantz, Lawrence E., 2Lt, supply Kneivel, Arthur W., Capt, executive 

Lichtward, Frederick W., 1Lt, intelligence Long, Jepta D., S/Sgt. gunner 

Marrich, Martin K., 1Lt, adjutant Masteller, Harry M., S/Sgt, gunner 

Page, Joseph A., 2Lt, intelligence Penhale, Walter B., S/Sgt, gunner 

Potosky, John S., S/Sgt, gunner Ridgeway, Robert L., S/Sgt, gunner 


November 1943 (continued) 

 

Ritter, Robert E., S/Sgt, gunner Rodgers, Russell, J., S/Sgt, engineering 

Rohleder, Jack J., S/Sgt, gunner Ruggere, Mauro (NMI), S/Sgt, gunner 

Schomaker, John W., S/Sgt, gunner Silver, George A., III, Capt, medical officer 

Sowder, Tony K., F/O, pilot Stannard, Lewis J., Jr., 2Lt, B.S.M., Adjutant 

Vaun, Ole E., Capt, pilot Wallace, John R., S/Sgt, gunner 

Wallnau, Carl N., Jr., 2Lt, engineering White, George E., S/Sgt, gunner 

Wonnacott, Robert C., 1Lt, engineering 

 

November 15 – 21 – 43: No Officers or Enlisted Men assigned or joined during this 
period. Captain M.D. Haven transferred to 321st Bombardment Group. Several Officers 
departed for rest camp and several returned from rest camp. On November 17 Lt. 
Stannard and several Enlisted Men departed as advanced echelon for the move to 
Amendola A/D FOGGIA. The remainder of the week was spent in packing and shipping 
equipment and personnel via motor truck to the new base which was 150 miles Northeast 
of Grottaglia. Due to inclement weather airplanes could not be used as ferries as planned. 
Rain hampered operations in both areas. 

Haven, Malcolm D., Capt, intelligence Stannard, Lewis J., Jr., 2Lt, B.S.M., Adjutant 

 

November 22 – 30- 43: No officers or Enlisted Men assigned or joined during this 
period. This period was spent in setting up the new camp. Thanksgiving Day was not 
observed on the 25th due to the late arrival of the kitchen. An excellent meal was served 
the next day (turkey with all the trimmings). By November 27th all personnel and 
equipment had arrived, although 84 truck loads of equipment was delivered only one 
minor accident was reported. Rainy weather still hampered operations but an abundant 
supply of coal assured everyone comfortable quarters.